Small varieties of plums include the purple leaf plum (Prunus cerasifera), Krauter Vesuvius purple leaf plum (Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius'), and double pink flowering plum (Prunus x blireiana). Some of the trees that can be planted in the Northern region of California include: Autumn Purple Ash – This type of tree is a native deciduous that belongs to the white ash tree family. Evergreen oaks, called live oaks, grow throughout California. The trees are susceptible to a disease called fire blight, so it’s important to promptly prune off infected portions to help stop the spread. But there are many small trees that should suit your space. The Camphor tree is one of the best shade trees for Southern California homes because it reaches an ultimate height of around 50 to 60 feet. Ornamental crabapple plants are admired more for their brief but lovely display of red, pink, or white flowers than for their edible fruits. In cooler coastal zones, ‘Fuji’ and ‘Gala’ grow well; inland try ‘Beverly Hills’. SHOP NOW "One of the best trees for a small space has to be a Japanese maple," Karam says. Its strongly scented, yellow-green leaves are not the typical bay leaves found in supermarkets, but you can substitute them for cooking bay leaves. Lisa Hallett Taylor is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape design, and do-it-yourself projects. Moreover, it’s recommended to repot them every two to three years into a slightly larger container. Subscribe to our channel! The smallest varieties can be planted in containers while other types can be trained against a wall or fence as an espalier. The leaves are the same bay leaves that are used in many types of cooking. It can also be pruned into a shrub. Discover 17 new dwarf trees perfect for small spaces and porches. In time it can make a decent shade tree. Enter a California address to see trees native to that location Enter a California address to see trees native to that location. But you should water it during prolonged dry spells. The "smoke" effect is created by the fluffy hairs that follow the tree's (insignificant) flowers in the spring. A chaste tree is a Mediterranean and Asian native with multiple trunks that can be trained to make a nice shade tree. To train it as a tree, remove all but one stem, and secure that stem by tying it to a stake. Pear trees typically can tolerate wet soil, though you must ensure that your tree has good drainage. Susan Lundman began writing about her passions of cooking, gardening, entertaining and recreation after working for a nonprofit agency, writing grants and researching child development issues. Plus, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: SelecTree -- Tree List, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Monterey Cypress, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Laurel, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Fan Palm. Trees and Shrubs for Northern California Serpentine Landscapes ANR Publication 8400 3 California Laurel (Umbellularia californica) The California laurel (fig. You’ll usually find it growing in a sprawling, crooked form along streams or under the shade of much taller trees. 216 trees native to California Options. The tree is dependable, medium size and perfectly suited to California gardens. Native to most of California — except the northwestern region and the northern and central coast ranges — into Texas and Mexico A tough and tawny workhorse of the garden, deer grass fills in quickly to provide a sense of drama. The smoke tree, also referred to as the smoke bush, is known for its stunning dark reddish-purple leaves and silky hairs that resemble puffs of smoke. Lightly prune the tree as needed in the early spring for the best blooming. From a single small seed or nut can grow a relatively enormous solar-powered, air-purifying, hydraulic machine that produces everything it … No listing of California native evergreens would be complete without at least one palm tree included: California fan palm (Washingtonia filifera), with 3- to 6-foot fronds perched atop shaggy masses of thatch, grows up to 65 feet tall in USDA zones 9 through 11. as well as broad-leafed evergreens such as the canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis) and coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia). With frequent pruning, you can keep a pine small if you wish. They typically have dark purple foliage, as well as white, pink, or red flowers, depending on the variety. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. A chaste tree is a Mediterranean and Asian native with multiple trunks that can be trained to make a nice shade tree. Trees are a thought to the future, but not always for as long as one might think. Potted kumquats make great patio accents with their sweet-smelling blooms and bright orange fruits. Small trees on patios or decks can serve as natural focal points, add privacy, frame views, provide shade, and even bear fruit. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. Selecting plants suited to the Northern California climate is a key step to success. 17. One of the joys of a Mediterranean climate is its hospitality to a broad range of fruit trees. California Current Location. Prosopis pubescens, commonly known as Screwbean Mesquite or Tornillo, is a species of flowering shrub or small tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the southwestern United States (Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, California, southern Nevada and Utah) and northern Mexico (Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora). Leaves of the chaste are aromatic, and it produces small, fragrant lavender-blue flowers on spikes during the summer and fall. Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. You will need at least two pear trees for optimal cross-pollination and fruit. Japanese maples require little pruning. Because pines are evergreen, they give you something green to look at on your patio throughout the year. They include conifers such as fir (Abies spp.) In fall the leaves turn orange scarlet or yellow. Your ficus will benefit from monthly fertilization during the growing season, but then you can back off the fertilizer in the winter. Giant sequoia is the world's largest living organism, with the largest trees growing more than 250 feet tall -- one large specimen has a trunk circumference of 1024 inches and a crown 106 feet wide. It’s part of a study to find out what types of trees survive best in Southern California. Kumquats have beautiful dark green leaves and pretty orange flowers that turn into tangy edible fruit. Shaping by pruning may be necessary. The Desert Willow is native to California and the Southwest. With the increasing frequency of wildfires in California, the need to conserve water is even more critical. Windblown branches, sometimes spreading as wide as the tree is high, characterize Monterey cypress (Hesperocyparis macrocarpa), growing on the California coast up to 65 feet in USDA zones 7 through 10. Ficus benjamina, or weeping fig, makes a versatile patio plant that transitions easily from indoors to outdoors. Common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly shaped native small to medium tree. Many of these trees can grow well in containers or raised beds. Leaves are linear blue green and turn golden in the fall. Mature Height: 10 to 20 feet Dwarf Height: 3 to 4 feet Zones: 7–9 The chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) grows to 10 ft. or 20 ft. tall and produces lavender-purple flowers in early or mid-spring.The flowers give off a spicy aroma and the leaves smell faintly of sage. Find out which plants can be used for hedges in landscaping, ornamental gardening, or can be grown in pots. A good choice for containers on decks or patios, it can be pruned into a topiary or hedge. Also, note whether its roots tend to crack or lift up pavement, which wouldn't be ideal right next to a patio. This includes the 'Dissectum', 'Red Dragon', 'Burgundy Lace', 'Crimson Queen', 'Butterfly', and 'Mikawa Yatsubusa' varieties. #dwarf #trees #evergreen #flowering It is shapely enough to stand alone as a garden’s focal point. Small, flowering Prunus trees are variously called cherry or plum trees. Several species are suitable for patios or decks, including lacebark pine (Pinus bungeana), evergreen Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra), and evergreen Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora). To find the right tree for your space, first consider its mature height and width. Other suitable varieties for patio areas include: snow pear (Pyrus nivalis), Manchurian pear (Pyrus ussuriensis), edgedell pear (fl x P. betulaefolia), 'Glen’s Form' (Pyrus calleryana ‘Glen’s Form’), and 'Jack' flowering pear (Pyrus calleryana 'Jaczam'). Ficus trees can grow to heights of 50 feet or more in the wild, but in the home environment they are most commonly grown as houseplants. Choose from dwarf flowering trees, vibrant evergreens, or yummy trees that produce fruit. Small flowering cherry trees include purple leaf sand cherry (Prunus x cistena), Yoshino cherry (Japanese flowering cherry; Prunus x yedoensis), 'Albertii' (Prunus padus), and 'Okame' (Prunus incisa x Prunus campanulata). It is hardy only to zone 10 but can be brought outside in cold-winter climates after the threat of spring frost has passed. 1) is also known as bay laurel, California bay, California olive, myrtle, Oregon myrtle, and pepperwood. Japanese maple trees are naturally small (up to about 15 feet tall) and work well in the ground or in containers. The showy flowers are pink and white. And, in many cases, trees offer us colorful, fragrant collections of flowers, too. A plant's performance is governed by many climate related factors including the length of the growing season, the amount of rainfall, winter lows, summer highs, wind or humidity. This small tree's bright green leaves and twisty, arching branches make it an eye-catching feature in any location. They must be moved indoors for the winter in zones 8 and below. The trunk grows wide making it a sturdy tree. The two common species are Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda). Just be ready to repot your tree into a larger container every other year or so. Some of these trees are susceptible to insect issues and fungal diseases. Northern Mockingbird. Trees come in every imaginable size, shape, color, and detail from leaf shape to branch and bark structure. The tree was located within the Joshua Creek Canyon Ecological Reserve on the Big Sur Coast of California. Varieties \"Silver Spire\" and \"Alba\" have white blossoms, while \"Latifolia\" and \"Rosea\" have pink flowers. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In a big garden, several trees can form a row in the background. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. While it will take longer to grow, the reward of planting a camphor tree … Moreover, the tree is heat-tolerant and resistant to oak root fungus. California's state tree, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), reaches up to 100 feet tall, and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10 along the California coast, while giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), its close relative, grows on mountain slopes in USDA zones 6 through 9. If there is a stretch without rain, especially during warmer months, water your tree. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Pine trees generally require little care. In addition to European fan palms, there are several other species suitable for small spaces, including the pygmy date palm (Phoenix roebelenii), paradise palm (Howea forsteriana), lady palm (Rhapis excelsa), Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis), and windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei). Native Californian fir trees grow much taller than Monterey cypress, with 200-foot varieties including grand fir (Abies granis), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 9, and noble fir (Abies procera), which grows in USDA zones 6 through 8. Here are 18 small trees that are ideal for landscaping tight spaces. Bracelet Honey-Myrtle. Remove dead, diseased, or damaged branches as you spot them, and prune for shape if you wish. But you can add a layer of compost to promote blooming and healthy growth. Photo by Greg Gillson. Also, extensive pruning usually isn’t necessary, though you can prune for shape if you wish in the early spring. Alternatively, choose Anjou or Bartlett if you have room for only one tree, as these varieties are able to pollinate themselves to some degree. This tree is native to the Pacific Northwest, from northern California to British Columbia. "The striking foliage, the graceful shape, the architecture of the branches in winter. A Golden State native, California laurel (Umbellularia californica) grows slowly, eventually reaching up to 65 feet tall in USDA zones 7 through 9. The Best Midsize Fruit Trees. Chaste Tree. In California, Northern Mockingbirds are resident, except they are absent in conifer forests and mountains. The best varieties of Japanese maples for containers are the kinds with weeping branches and finely cut, threadlike leaves. Also, join members of the SoCal Connected team on Saturday, April 23 at Woodley Park in Van Nuys where we will help the U.S. Forest Service plant trees. Fertilize your palm throughout the growing season, and prune off dead or diseased portions as you spot them. More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. It needs little care compared with most other fruit trees — no pruning or spraying. This plant tolerates heat and is resistant to oak root fungus. Also, they generally require little pruning outside of removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Here are 13 of the best small trees to grow around a patio or deck. It also is aromatic and flowers in the springtime. Also, fertilize them throughout the growing season. Fir trees are native to the middle to higher elevations or higher rainfall areas of California. I'll try to cover the basics so you can get a feel for what is native in the state and what you can choose from in the trade. This large, handsome tree … You can grow full-size varieties in large containers; they will reach about 10 feet tall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum or A. japonicum). Native evergreens include those that grow in the mountains, woodlands, valleys, deserts and coastlines. There are Acacias that have a predictable lifespan of 10-15 years, more and then you are living on borrowed time. If you live in USDA Zones 3 through 9, at least one little variety is an option for you. Avoid excessive fertilization, as this can promote leaf growth over blooming. Fertilizer usually isn’t necessary unless you have poor soil. University of California The California Garden Web: What Is My Climate Zone? Another tree hailing from Australia, the bracelet honey-myrtle (Melaleuca armillaris) is a fast-growing, but small evergreen tree. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Tolerant of drought and able to grow in both acidic and alkaline soil, Monterey cypress can be invasive in some areas. More than 800 miles long and with many varied climates, California is home to an abundant diversity of evergreen trees, of both broad-leafed and needle-leafed types. Our California Tree List includes many of the trees that have been successful in our own landscapes. It can be grown in a large container or near a deck or patio. Trees are amazing. Give deer grass plenty of space to show off its lovely fountain habit of 3- to 6-foot flowering stems. In summer birds are found a bit farther north. Height: Up to 35 feet All Rights Reserved. Varieties 'Silver Spire' and 'Alba' have white blossoms while 'Latifolia' and 'Rosea' have pink flowers. Native to the Central Coast of California and to Southern California, the coast live oak, which grows to 65 feet in USDA zones 9 through 10, has evergreen foliage and the spreading, near-horizontal branches typical of all oaks. So it's important to know all of a tree's traits, as well as whether it thrives in your climate, before committing. California native plants are plants that existed in California prior to the arrival of European explorers and colonists in the late 18th century. Crepe myrtle trees (or shrubs) are well known in the southern United States for their showy pinkish blooms, gorgeous bark, and beautiful fall foliage. Also, be sure not to overwater, as this can kill a palm. You have probably seen tea trees pruned as shrubby hedges in Southern California, but you can also prune them as small trees for patios or outdoor living areas. Native trees of California. Whether you are looking for a little shade or a bit of color to brighten your property, these trees mature at under 30 feet tall and generally require minimal maintenance to look great. There are also many smaller trees, such as 'Acoma', 'Yuma', 'Zuni', 'Catawba', 'Comanche', 'Hopi', 'Centennial', 'Chica Pink', 'Chica Red', 'Glendora White', 'Peppermint Lace', 'Pink Velour', 'Seminole', and 'White Chocolate' varieties. In the open, it is symmetrical and treelike. Some have special features, including flowers, attractive bark, and vivid fall colors. So prune your tree to slightly thin the branches and improve air circulation, which can help to prevent these problems. And if you plan to grow your tree in a container, make sure you'll be able to repot it whenever the roots need more space. Northern California lies in Climate Zones 1 through 9, and 14 through 17. Its foliage is dark green and highly aromatic. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Luis Carlos Jiménez del Río/iStock/Getty Images. Except for cleaning up the messy fruit if it falls on a patio or sidewalk, persimmon maintenance is quite easy and it could be planted more. These trees will create a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath after blossoms fall. Eat small berries from trees and bushes. Crabapple trees are somewhat drought tolerant once they’re mature, but don’t let their soil dry out. In large containers, consider growing evergreen Mugo pine (Pinus mugo) or evergreen Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergiana). Many varieties of apple tree exist in dwarf form, having been miniaturized by grafting a cutting from a full-sized tree onto dwarf rootstock. from Stanford University. Want to see more Southern Living videos? Wisteria can also be grown to cover an arbor or pergola. However, the features of certain trees might be too messy for your taste, dropping seeds, flowers, fruits, and more. There are so many native trees in California. Leaves of the chaste are aromatic, and it produces small, fragrant flowers on spikes during the summer and fall. In the ground, they can grow to a mature size of 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide; container-grown trees are generally much smaller. Zones 5 – 9. Landscapers are increasingly turning to drought-tolerant landscaping as a way to preserve resources and save costs. More than just a wholesale tree grower, The Jonsteen Company is known for creatively packaging trees for a variety of markets and purposes; for teaching about trees and their many benefits to people and the planet; and for supporting, in perpetuity, the folks giving, selling, and growing its trees. Kumquat trees can be grown in the ground or in pots. Happily, many varieties are drought-resistant – good news for water-parched northern California Sweet bay is a small, slender evergreen with a conical form. Besides being absolutely gorgeous, wisteria can be trained as a vine, shrub, or small tree. Jacaranda trees can reach 30-45 ft in height and width. A knowledgeable landscape designer can help to determine the perfect spot to plant this flowering tree on your Southern California property. They boldly defend their nests from other birds, cats, and intruders. Dwarf apple trees will usually stop growing when they’re 10-12 feet tall. The cultivar Bubba is upright in form and has profuse, long-lasting blooms. 3. Water your tree during prolonged dry spells, and fertilize annually if your soil is poor. Zones: 6 to 9. - http://goo.gl/JJ5WqY Don't let square footage keep you from a beautiful garden. Also known as flowering crabapple trees, the varieties suitable for large containers include 'Centurion', 'Indian magic', Japanese (M. floribunda), and Sargent (M. sargentii). Annual pruning during the late winter is recommended to maintain its shape. Also, while this plant likes a lot of light, protect your tree from hot afternoon sun during the warmest months of the year. It is a small flowering desert tree that can reach a height of 15 feet. Tea trees is a general term used for a group of large shrubs or small trees in the myrtle family primarily native to Australia and New Zealand. Planted in the garden, it is drought-tolerant. The hairs turn pink and then purple as summer progresses. She has written professionally for six years since then. Lundman received her M.A. This tree can also be pruned into a shrub. The striking silhouettes of palm trees are perfect for instantly adding a look of the tropics to your patio or deck. They are suitable for large containers or raised beds. The tree, 125 feet (38 m) tall and more than 25 feet (7.6 m) in circumference, was listed on the American Forests National Big Tree list, a register of the biggest trees by species in the United States. When it reaches the desired height, prune or pinch the branch tips to force more branching. Drought-resistant and adaptable to a variety of soil conditions, these trees grow best in full sun, although they will tolerate light shade. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Canyon live oak is similar in size and shape to coast live oak, but is native to the foothills and desert mountains of California in USDA zones 8 through 10. 3. The paper-bark maple, Acer griseum, is a slow-growing small tree with dark green leaves that turn a rich, crimson colour in autumn.Once the leaves have fallen, its trunk and stems provide winter interest, as the chestnut- coloured bark peels away to reveal the new, orange-red bark beneath. California's state tree, coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), reaches up to 100 feet tall, and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10 along the California coast, while giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), its close relative, grows on mountain slopes in USDA zones 6 … Acacias that have been successful in our own landscapes plants that existed in California prior to the Pacific,. Armillaris ) is also known as bay laurel, California olive, myrtle, Oregon,. For containers are the kinds with weeping branches and finely cut, leaves. Other types can be trained against a wall or fence as an espalier have a predictable lifespan of 10-15,... From other birds, cats, and pepperwood is symmetrical and treelike the! 'Rosea ' have white blossoms while 'Latifolia ' and 'Alba ' have white blossoms while '!, shape, color, and fertilize annually if your soil is poor are used in many cases trees... The Joshua Creek Canyon Ecological Reserve on the variety, consider growing evergreen Mugo pine Pinus..., more and then you are living on borrowed time frost has passed fall. Elevations or higher rainfall areas of California two common species are Chinese wisteria ( wisteria sinensis and. Plus, they maintain some shade and privacy year-round are living on borrowed.! Of compost to promote blooming and healthy growth grow full-size varieties in large containers or raised.. Poor soil patio plant that transitions easily from indoors to outdoors can reach a height of feet! Look of the joys of a Mediterranean climate is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist over... Http: //goo.gl/JJ5WqY Do n't let square footage keep you from a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath blossoms! The shade of much taller trees over blooming square footage keep you from a beautiful purple-blue carpet underneath after fall! 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