The fertilizer dose depends upon the fertility of soil and amount of organic manure applied to the crop. In India, hybrid egg plant is grown in nearly 18% of the total cultivated area under the crop. The program was based on the thematic areas of seed technology, regulations, quality, markets, and … Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop grown in India. BRINJAL CULTIVATION , PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF BRINJAL .BRINJAL Botanical name : Solanum melongena Family : Solanaceae Chromosome No. The varieties of Brinjal display a wide range of fruit shapes and colours, ranging from oval or egg-shaped to long club-shaped; and from white, yellow, green through degrees of purple pigmentation to almost black. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Isolation For varieties, 200 M or 100 M of isolation distance is required for foundation and certified seed, respectively. Soil solarization using black HDPE transparent polythene sheets(60-100 gauge) on nursery beds for about 15 -20 days which helps in killing weed seeds, nematodes and resting stages of insects and diseases, Deep summer plough also helps to expose resting stage of pests to sun light, Avoiding over dose of nitrogen and phosphorus on brinjal reduces the incidence of shoot and fruit borer, Avoid excess use of water for disease management, Use of ash dust reduces the incidence of shoot and fruit borer. Copyright © 2020 ICAR-IIHR, This site is Maintained by Agricultural Knowledge Management Unit, ICAR - E Mail Unified Communications (icar.gov.in), ITMU [ Institute Technology Management Unit], Sophisticated analytical instrument facility (SAIF), Society for Promotion of Horticulture (SPH), Post Graduate School in Horticultural Sciences, Varieties / Technologies released by ICAR - IIHR, ATIC - Agricultural Technology Information Center. It is a perennial but grown commercially as an annual crop. The biggest constraint to brinjal production is the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB). Raised beds of size 7.2 x 1.2 m and 10-15 cm in height are prepared. Removal of damage shoot,fruit and fruit borer and destruction. Brinjal seed treatment procedure: Treat the brinjal seeds with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g / kg or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 10 g / kg of seed. Generally, application of 150 kg N, 100 kg P O and 50 kg K O is recommended for optimum yield. Dry extraction process:- The dry process is still favoured where relatively small amount of seeds are produced 38. So, the two varieties meant for foundation seed production may be kept 200 m apart to avoid contamination. In raised nursery beds, sow the seeds in lines at 10 cm apart and cover with sand. Five percent NSKE spray for sucking pests in early stages of the crop; it also takes care of serpentine leaf miner. The seedlings are ready for transplanting within 4-6 weeks of planting when they attain a height of 15 cm with 2-3 true leaves. Raised beds are necessary to avoid problem of water logging in heavy soils. Brinjal seeds are sown on nursery beds to raise seedlings for transplanting in the field. Chemical pesticide should be used on need basis as a last resort. Your Email ... Rice Production in Myanmar; Paddy Farming In Myanmar. But eventually, the science of both these Bt Brinjals failed the political test. Prior to sowing seeds are treated with fungal culture of Trichoderma viride (4 g/ kg of seed) or Thiram (2g/ kg of seed) to avoid damage from damping-off disease. Grading: Seeds are graded with 5/64" round perforated metal sieve or BSS 12 x 12 wire mesh sieve (2.1 mm). The cover of dry straw or grass is removed immediately after germination is complete. About 250-300 g of seed are sufficient for raising seedlings for one hectare of land. Destruction of crop residues /debris and alternate host plants reduces the inoculum load of many folier diseases. Shoot and fruit borer, Jassid , Aphid ,White fly, Damping off , Phomopsis blight, Little leaf,Bacterial wilt, Lamb square(Chenopodium album), Pimpernel (Anagalis arvensis), Sweet clover (Melilotus sp. For weed management apply fluchoralin@ 0.9-1.35kg a.i/ha as pre-planting soil incorporation. Emasculation is done in the afternoon hours. Vegetable seed requirement vs production in India Crop Requirement (t) Production (t) (organized sector) Other quality seeds (t) Shortage (t) 1 Tomato 360 190 80 90 2 Brinjal 465 85 50 330 3 Chilli 200 68 80 52 4 Cauliflower 280 130 35 115 5 Cucumber 70 37 20 13 6 Muskmelon 110 37 40 33 Half dose of N and full dose of P and K is given at the time of planting. These are wet method, dry method, natural fermentation method, chemical fermentation method, mechanical extraction method etc. Brinjal Hybrid Arka Navneet: Emasculation and immediate pollination in evening at full bud stage one day prior to anthesis resulted in highest percent fruitset (55%) and 100% recovery of hybrid seeds without any compromise in seed quality similar to conventional crossing. Root dipping in dimethoate 0.02%, 6 hour before transplanting for the control of little leaf disease of brinjal by avoiding jassids infestation in early stage of crop growth. Seed treatment with trichoderma viride/ tricoderma harzianum@2g per100of seeds to prevent seed and soil borne infection of fungal diseases. The watering should be done by water can as per the need till germination is completed. : 2n = 24 Origin : India Common name : Eggplant, Aubergine. For root knot and reniform nematode crop rotation should be done with non host crop like sorghum and wheat. 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