Approximately 51,2% (approximately 30 million) of the population is female. 1 (January 2017): 41-52. At, the same time, Christianity continues to decline in the Middle East, falling from 13.6, percent of the population in 1900 to less than 4 percent today. Specifically, it addresses the unique role of Christian missions in prompting a genuine schooling revolution and explores the comparative educational expansion across colonies and between genders. Similarly, in every African country surveyed, more than 60% of Christians say they attend church at least weekly. London as ten significant martyrs of the twentieth century. Looking ahead to 2025, however, Latin America is likely to be surpassed by Africa with 628 million in the former and more than 700 million in the latter. Christians in Africa and Latin America also tend to pray and attend church at higher rates than Christians in most of the rest of the world. Though different religious groups and cultures practices different rituals and ceremonies for the dead, there are convergences in the way they dispose of the body. In addition, an average. Africa, Middle East, martyrdom, statistics, Muslims, demography, This article is the thirty-fourth in an annual series in the, 1985, three years after the publication of the first edition of David Barrett’s, mary form, an annual update of the most significant global and regional statistics rel-. This chapter traces the origins and long-term development of African mass-education in colonial sub-Saharan Africa. and just as widely criticized. A new report reveals that the vast majority of South Africans describe their religious affiliation as ‘Christian’ while 5.2% say that they are not affiliated to any religion in particular. This chapter traces the origins and long-term development of African mass education in colonial sub-Saharan Africa. This article features five statistical tables with 2018 figures for many aspects of global Christianity, from membership to finance to martyrdom. This paper examines religious group differences in fertility in developing nations. The information appears in comparative perspective and, offers estimates for 1900, 1970, 2000, 2018, 2025, and 2050. There are few quantitative studies on women in world Christianity; there remains a dearth in the literature on the, This article marks the thirty-sixth year of including statistical information on World Christianity and mission in the International Bulletin of Mission Research. It refers to the, individual’s entire lifestyle, regardless of whether or not he or she was actively, ing war, conflict, random killing, and genocide, and can be conceptualized as, either individual or communal (such as by governments). However, the method presented here represents a more com, prehensive approach to the subject. 97.0% of São Tomé and Príncipe’s p… But not all Christians share the same levels of religious commitment. 1.Including Anglicans. In 2018, research from the Center for the Study of Global Christianity showed that there are approximately 631 million Christians living in Africa, more than any other continent. The religi… UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2005–2013) and Todd M. Johnson and Gina A. Zurlo, eds., World Christian Database (Leiden: Brill, accessed July 2017). LATEST GOSPEL PRAISE & WORSHIP 2020 GHANA NIGERIA SOUTH AFRICAN MUSIC MIX This is particularly the case in, The world in 2018 is more religious than it was in 1970. Even though theology does provide interesting and important contributions to ethics that laid the foundation of our modern societies, this book looks at exploring how theology has impacted on urban morphology and has led to questionable unsustainable practices which impacts on both climate and societal living standards. Christianity continues to spread out more evenly around, the world, further evidence of the decline of “Christendom.” In addition, now 500 years, past the Protestant Reformation, the future of Christian leadership is more likely to be, This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or. A Call for Further Research, World Christianity and Mission 2020: Ongoing Shift to the Global South. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Christianity, the faith of almost three-quarters of the diverse South African population, has long been pushed to the margins of historical writing on South Africa, yet for more than two centuries it has shaped South African society and its diverse subcultures. It is believed that Mark the Evangelist brought Christianity from Jerusalem to Alexandria in the year 43 before becoming the first bishop to serve the Alexandria Orthodox Church. All content in this area was uploaded by Todd M. Johnson on Dec 04, 2017. Christian Affiliation by Continent and Christian Mission and Evangelization, 1900–2050. Included is a comparative analysis of twentieth- and twenty-first-century trends regarding the phenomenon, highlighting both qualitative and quantitative differences between the two periods. Note that in 2050, Christians (35 percent) will likely, still be larger than Muslims (29 percent). Mass killings, including genocides, also produce Christian martyrs. 1 out of 21: Christians in South America who experience high levels of persecution. variation in these differences. North America is fifth with 277 million Christians who make up 76 percent of the continent's population. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. Europe is now third, with 550 million. Since this number does not, in fact, refer to the number of martyrs that actually died in, the present year, it is presented this year in its raw form instead (i.e., the ten-year figure, Other groups offer significantly lower estimates for the number of Christian, martyrs worldwide. For instance, at least four out of five Christians in Nigeria, Liberia, Senegal, Cameroon and Chad pray every day. Most were not killed specifi-. All the latest breaking UK and world news with in-depth comment and analysis, pictures and videos from MailOnline and the Daily Mail. In 2017 there are 560 million Protestants found in nearly all the world’s 234 countries. See our article "Christianity 2017: Five Hundred Years of Protestant Christianity." The majority of groups opt for burial in graveyards located in cemeteries, which is usually public, or in homes or other spaces dedicated for such purposes, Briefing: The Conflict in Kasai, DRC," in IRIN: The Inside Story on Emergencies. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. of Christianity in South Africa. This study utilises descriptive and theological approaches to eschato-praxis and accountability within the neo-African Pentecostal movement. In the same period, the percent, age of all Christians who live in countries 80 percent or more Christian has declined, from 76 percent to 53 percent. All but three of these 35 countries are in sub-Saharan Africa or Latin America. Editor's Note . Measuring Christian martyrdom is not without controversy, however. For 2019, Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) estimates the mid-year population at 58,78 million. For more information, visit, ... A high proportion of those who attended mission schools converted and helped spread the gospel of Jesus Christ in their local languages (Berman 1974;Frankema 2012). Each of the. Christianity is the world’s largest religion, with a big presence in most parts of the globe. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS. At the other end of the spectrum, levels of religious importance are lowest among Christians in Europe, where deaths outnumber births among Christians. This practice, however, while it brings positive emotional responses and helps in the way people may find closure with the deceased, can be argued to be unsustainable in the way that it consumes space. This phenomenon is particularly evident in sub-Saharan Africa, where Christianity is rapidly growing, largely due to high fertility rates. By 2018 it had dropped to around. One person who brought Christianity to an African is Philip, as recounted in Acts 8:26–40. global Christianity, including Roman Catholics, Orthodox, Protestants. Missions has been a part of Africa’s story since just after Jesus ascended into heaven. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. More in South Africa: The Senekal miracle: nothing could have saved us but God December 8, 2020; South Africans invited to join another Christian ‘courageous conversation’ on race relations December 3, 2020; Christian education stakeholders attend imbizo in King William’s Town December 3, 2020 Now, just a few years later, 597 million. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. The system is independent and... Protestant Christian. annual growth rate for each category is calculated for the period 2000–2018. public testimony or proclamation concerning belief in Jesus. (The three exceptions are the U.S., Malaysia and the Philippines.). The African country with the highest percentage of Christians is Zambia with 95.5 percent, followed by the Seychelles and Rwanda. The most troubling, martyrdom situation continues in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where numer, ous armies and rebel forces seek to control land and people. The islands were only recently inhabited after their discovery by the Portuguese sailors in the 15th century. In 1900 the region was 13.6 percent Christian. The Religious Diversity Index methodology is described in Todd M. Johnson and Brian J. 1.(0–1, 1=most diverse). Through an argumentative style, the author sets forth to explore the ethics of religious dogmas in a rapidly urbanising world that is stressed by increasing consumption from a booming demographic. Fostering both overarching and comparative perspectives, the book includes chapters on West Africa (Nigeria, Ghana, and Burkina Faso) and Southern Africa (Zimbabwe and South Africa). mistreatment after release from prison, and die as the result of torture. This study argues that accountability and probity have eschatological implications on African Pentecostalism. 1.New non-Christians per day migrating to urban centers. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. from the bottom right and moving clockwise, senior research associate. Zion Christian Faith. KeywordsFertility–Religion–Developing countries. The chapter also assesses potential pitfalls when those realities are not considered by studies, investigating historical missionary legacies on present-day African education and social mobility. These findings reflect the broader pattern of Christianity’s “march southward” from wealthy countries to developing ones. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. This rise in African Christianity in the last 100 years is one of the most under-appreciated success stories in global religious history. For instance, only 12% of Christian adults in Germany and 11% in the United Kingdom say religion is very important in their lives. sented here attempts to do justice to, and draw attention to, a very real and very, In 1800 Christians and Muslims together represented only 33 percent of the world’s, population. This has been a practice led since time immemorial. Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. Note: Religions do not add up to the total because smaller religions are not listed. At the same time, Christianity continues to decline in the Middle East, falling from 13.6 percent of the population in 1900 to less than 4 percent today. Moreover, this volume seeks to elucidate how these churches reshape the very notion of sustainable development and contribute to the decolonisation of development. This aspect of the definition includes those who are starved, die from. By 2050 there will likely be more, Christians in Africa (1.25 billion) than in Latin, (490 million) combined. 1.Ten-year total for decade ending in the given year. Specifically, it addresses the unique role of Christian missions in prompting a genuine schooling revolution and explores the comparative educational expansion across colonies and between genders. It will also be a key resource for development policymakers and practitioners. This number has been widely cited. (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax As a legacy of the Portuguese rule in the country, Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion here. Christianity, from membership to finance to martyrdom. About 80 percent of South Africa’s 56 million people profess to be Christian. Grim. Note: Categories below do not add up to affiliated Christians because of double-affiliation (between traditions). In India the, current total of 62 million (4.7 percent) is set to grow to 110 million (6.5 percent), by 2050. By the middle of the first century, churches had been established in northern African by early converts to Christianity. While the contributions in this book focus on the African continent, the notion of development underlying the concept of the volume is deliberately wide and multidimensional, covering economic, social, ecological, political, and cultural dimensions. *Column % p.a. International Bulletin of Mission Research 41, no. Younger people are less religious than older ones in many countries, especially in the U.S. and Europe, Ethiopia is an outlier in the Orthodox Christian world, Key findings: How living arrangements vary by religious affiliation around the world, In EU, there’s an East-West divide over religious minorities, gay marriage, national identity, Biden’s victory another example of how Electoral College wins are bigger than popular vote ones, Intent to Get a COVID-19 Vaccine Rises to 60% as Confidence in Research and Development Process Increases, 5 facts about the QAnon conspiracy theories. Are there really 90,000 Christian martyrs every year? Muslim fertility is substantially Christianity arrived in Africa in the late 1st or early 2nd century AD, making these Christian communities some of the earliest in the world. By 2018 Africa had the most, Christians: 599 million, vs. 597 million in Latin America and 550 million in Europe. Christians in Africa and Latin America tend to pray more frequently, attend religious services more regularly and consider religion more important in their lives than Christians elsewhere in the world, according to a recent Pew Research Center study. Two thousand years later, Christian presence has left indelible marks on the continent—some positive, some less so. Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, MA. 3.Church members involved in the Pentecostal/Charismatic/Independent Charismatic renewal in the Holy Spirit, also known collectively as “Renewalists”. Increased growth of Christianity and Islam has also contributed to a slight, decline in religious diversity worldwide (table 2). Gauteng comprises the largest share of the South African populat… If 37 percent of that number will be Protestant, then Sub-Saharan Africa will have 408,813,000 people who consider themselves Protestant Christian. This article about Christianity in South Africa today first appeared in the Fall 2016 issue of Providence‘s print edition. with 41 percent in Africa, a figure projected to reach 53 percent by 2050. This year, we report on three gaps in the literature, concerning women in world Christianity and mission, the status of short-term mission (STM), and missions and money. In 1800 Christians and, Muslims together represented only 33 percent of the world’s population; by 2018. they represented 57 percent, increasing to 64 percent by 2050. By the end of the 2nd century it had reached the region around Carthage.In the 4th century, the Aksumite empire in modern-day Eritrea and Ethiopia became one of the first regions in the world to adopt Christianity as an official religion and the Nubian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia followed two centuries later. A century later in the year 2000, there were 350 million. Five Hundred Years of Protestant Christianity. The paper also considers possible explanations for these differences including level Through the gristmill of eschato-praxis – a theory and belief that paradisiac bliss can be enjoyed on earth by Christians as a foretaste of its full and eternal enjoyment in heaven, a practice that has suffused neo-African Pentecostalism, which is largely manifest in luxury and quest for materiality – it would be argued why and how accountability must be countenanced into the practice of the neo-African Pentecostals, also as a foretaste of the ultimate demand and event. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. ... Brazil is home to the largest population of Christians in South America, ... Nigeria accounts for the most Christians of any nation on the African continent, with as many as 107 million adherents. Prayer frequency is just as high in six Latin American countries, including Guatemala, Honduras and Paraguay. In Latin America, more than two-thirds of Christians in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador also report weekly attendance. Center for the Study of Global Christianity, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, This article features five statistical tables with 2018 figures for many aspects of global. July 31, 2017, At the same time, it should not be forgotten that Christians in the Middle East (i.e., tion. This book investigates the substantial and growing contribution which African Independent and Pentecostal Churches are making to sustainable development in all its manifold forms. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. another human being, not those who have died from natural or other causes. Of these 560 million, only 16 percent are in Europe, This article marks the thirty-fifth year of presenting statistical information on world Christianity and mission. What Amani discovered was that “Religion has made room for complacent faith. We report on some of the major findings of the new World Christian Encyclopedia, 3rd edition (Edinburgh University Press, 2019), including the fall and rise of the world’s Christian population, the continued shift of Christianity to the. Although level of development, In 1970, according to the Center for the Study of Global Christianity, there were 240,000 foreign Christian missionaries worldwide. Source: Todd M. Johnson and Gina A. Zurlo, eds.. 12 overall but is second behind only Pakistan in terms of violence, and ranks No. At the same time, Christians in the United States also have comparatively high levels of commitment to their faith. See "Briefing: The Conflict in Kasai, DRC," in IRIN: The Inside Story on Emergencies, 1 out of 3: Christians in Asia that experience high levels of persecution. It is very important that all Pastors of all denominations and all Christians read this. Through legislation they want to control the body of Christ!. By 2018 Africa had the most Christians: 599 million, vs. 597 million in Latin America and 550 million in Europe. 1.Amounts embezzled by top custodians of Christian monies (US dollar equivalents, per year). Todd M. Johnson, Center for the Study of Global Christianity, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, the tradition of the series, presenting an overview of statistics related to global, Christianity and mission. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 27 2018 in Society. However, many of them converge towards the burying of the dead to help in the ascent towards a peaceful afterlife. Continent with the most Christians: Africa. The chapter also assesses potential pitfalls when those realities are not considered by studies, investigating historical missionary legacies on present-day African education and social mobility. In 1800 Christians and Muslims together represented only 33 percent of the world’s population; by 2018 they represented 57 percent, increasing to 64 percent by 2050. While Christianity was made the … Global Population, Global Cities, and Urban Mission, 1900–2050. higher than Christian fertility in many countries, but the average difference between Catholics and Protestants is small. Using this definition, and summing up deaths from all martyrdom situations over the, past ten years, we estimate that 900,000 Christians have been killed in the context of, been martyred each year during this past decade. You can also create your own calendar. of development, In 2014, Latin America passed Europe as the continent with the most Christians. Missions, Education and Conversion in Colonial Africa, Urban and Graveyard Sprawl: The Unsustainability of Death, The city of the living or the dead: On the ethics and morality of land use for graveyards in a rapidly urbanised world, African Initiated Christianity and the Decolonisation of Development: Sustainable Development in Pentecostal and Independent Churches, Eschato-praxis and accountability: A study of Neo-African Pentecostal movement in the light of prosperity gospel, Ongoing Exodus: Tracking the Emigration of Christians from the Middle East, Christian Martyrdom as a Pervasive Phenomenon, World Christian Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, Edinburgh Companions to Global Christianity, World Christianity / Christianity in Global Context, Does Religion Influence Fertility in Developing Countries, Christianity 2016: Latin America and Projecting Religions to 2050, Christianity 2017: Five Hundred Years of Protestant Christianity, Christianity 2019: What’s Missing? Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. 2.Churches and individuals who self-identify as Evangelicals by membership in denominations linked to Evangelical alliances (e.g. In 1900, there were less than 10 million Christians on the continent, many of whom were non-native missionaries. Asia is also the only continent where the number of Christian residents from 2017 to 2018 did not increase significantly. Christianity in Africa arrived in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century. Levels of religious salience are particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa: Over 75% in every country surveyed in the region say religion is very important to them. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religionamong most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The estimates for 2018 (table 2) show that Christians and Muslims, together now represent 57 percent of the world’s population. The school thus became, in the 1 See the companion chapter by Felipe Valencia Caicedo in this volume on the spread of Christian missions across Latin America and Asia. Although for several centuries the Protestant movement was based in Europe, then North America, from its Western homelands it eventually spread all over the world. Latin Church – 1.311 billion Eastern Catholic Churches – 18 million This article will present a definition of martyrdom highlighting two important aspects: (1) the motivation of the killed rather than the killer, and (2) the inclusion of Christians who have died as a result of mass killings and genocides. Ongoing killings happening in South Sudan, Nigeria, the Central African Republic, and other countries produce thousands of anonymous martyrs. With reference to archives, libraries and museums (chapter 1) we purposely decided to personalise the guide by including specific names of people in charge as well as It highlights the importance of African agency in the process towards mass-education that depended on local demand for formal education and the supply of African teachers who provided the bulk of mission schooling. This article takes a different perspective on the study of martyrdom, instead examining how many Christians around the world have died in situations of witness every year. Nearly seven-in-ten U.S. Christians (68%) say they pray daily, while 47% say they attend church at least weekly. In fourth place is Asia with 388 million Christians, though they only make up nine percent of the continent's population. Global Christianity by Tradition, 1900–2050. In 1900, Europe had six times as many Christians as Latin America. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA This is seen as being accelerated with the impacts of climate change coupled with increasing urbanisation rates that stresses on contemporary notions and foundations, as initially sparked by religion. The total figure does not include independent Catholic denominations (18 million). social characteristics and proximate determinants play an important role in religious differences, they do not explain cross-national Amani was inspired to embark on a personal and communal journey centering the history of Christianity in Tanzania and Africa as a whole. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. Though not a relationship that can expressly be explained, this relationship is characterized by behaviors, ceremonies and actions observed. The Orthodox Christianity under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople is a small minority religion in South Korea with about 4,000 official members in 2013. Take your pick of our Israel and Holy Land tours, European Reformation tours, South Africa safaris, and Christian cruises all led by renowned Biblical scholars, leading archaeologists, and exemplary pastors, teachers, and apologists who will provide in-depth teaching at exclusive sites not typically offered on mainstream Christian tour itineraries. While the initial expansion of missions was motivated by a global competition for new church members, the development of African mass-education essentially depended on local conditions. By then, Asia (588 million) will also have passed Europe in. Its purpose is to lay out, in sum-, 0010.1177/2396939317739833International Bulletin of Mission Research, —These are self-identified individuals found within all of, —Martyrs are Christians who have actually been put to death by, —Martyrdom is typically sudden, abrupt, unexpected, and normally, —“Witness” in this definition is not restricted solely to, —Human hostility takes a variety of forms, includ.