They welcomed liberalizing changes in public policy, largely supported by public opinion. Studies, xxx (1997). Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. Northern Irish statesman With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. It shows how the process results in Protestant exclusion from the imagined nation and the category of 'Irishness'. After the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, the Protestant population declined sharply, reasons for which included: Lyons, F. S. L. Culture and Anarchy in Ireland, 1890–1939. Fast forward to the 2011 census and the figure was a little under half that at 4.27%. Likewise, Michael Farry argues that a relatively small number (n. 2 cont.) The Irish Free State was born in a period of great political and community turbulence, but when it had been legally constituted in 1922, Archbishop Gregg of Dublin urged his church to obey the laws of the new state and to work for its peace and prosperity. 55 (4): 1161โ€“1184. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. 1999. 1,810,863), 5,462 sq mi (14,147 sq km), NE Ireland.…, The Anglican church in Ireland, in communion with the Church of England, claims succession from the Roman Catholic Church established in Ireland in t…, Paul Cullen However, Protestants did not readily surrender their claim to Irish identity, conscious that the leaders of Irish political and cultural nationalism included Protestant names such as Theobold Wolfe Tone, Thomas Russell, Robert Emmet, the Sheares brothers, Napper Tandy, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, Charles Stewart Parnell, Lady Gregory, J. M. Synge, Sean O'Casey, and W.B. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. West Cork Protestants are geographically peripheral to the Southern Protestant population as a whole, and have a weaker socio-economic profile. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Coakley has compared them to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia. Yeats. 2003. This article looks at how the Protestants of West Cork came to terms with Irish independence, and how they have responded to the major social and political changes of the past decades. The unique status given to Irish in the educational system was uncongenial to many—if not most—Protestants, who felt little sympathy with the compulsion used to restore the language. It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined assumptions grounded in the collective memory of the past. โ€ข Biagini, Eugenio F (2012). The joint editors welcome contributions from a wide range of disciplines and practices, for example, women's studies, sociology, cultural studies, anthropology, politics, social policy, social administration, museum studies, archive work, health studies, education, library and information services, community publishing, folklore, media studies, photography, broadcasting, nursing, social work, psychology, psychiatry, and in fact any area where the significance of orality, personal testimony and remembering is understood and valued. . . Not all southern Protestants were loyalist, while many Catholics were. (October 18, 2020). Orangemen •Alabaman, Amman, Ammon, Drammen, gammon, Mammon, salmon •Bradman, Caedmon, madman, madmen •flagman, flagmen •trackman, trackmen…, Protestant Ascendancy: Decline, 1800 to 1930, Protestant Culture in the Seventeenth Century, Protestant Reformation in the Early Sixteenth Century, Protestant Renewal: The Emergence of American Unitarianism, Protesters at Site of New Terminal 5, Heathrow, Protesters Smash the Window of a McDonald's. Consequently the Protestant community endeavored to provide separate educational and recreational opportunities for its youth that would minimize social contact with Catholics; this policy, when seen in the context of a popular view that Protestants belonged to an ascendancy class, caused them sometimes to be regarded as aloof and disdainful of the Catholic community, which indeed some of them were. Protestants retained control of the commanding heights of the southern Irish economy, in banking, insurance, manufacturing, retail and the building trade. "The Protestant Minority in Southern Ireland". Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. In recently published research Dublinโ€™s Central Statistics Office pointed out that southern Irish Protestants live longer than Catholic counterparts. While physical violence against Protestants was not endemic, many felt pain in adjusting to the new regime in which their cultural heritage was to be relegated to second place in favor of a Gaelic Ireland, and society regulated according to Vatican precepts. One view of Southern Irish Protestants is that in the decades after independence they transformed themselves (or were transformed) from British nationals to Irish nationals or, alternatively, from a British ethnic to an Irish religious minority. ." https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922, "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 An increasingly independent broadcasting environment played its part: television audiences were thrilled by public discussion of issues, moral and theological, previously regarded as the exclusive preserve of the ecclesiastical authorities, while both television and radio conveyed the excitement of Vatican II to the people of the Republic (as the Free State had become in 1949) at a time of greatly improved economic development and enhanced educational opportunity. Minefield: Southern Loyalists, the Irish Grants Committee and the British Govern ment, 1922-31', Irish Hist. 1, DISCRIMINATION (SPRING 2011), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. To access this article, please, Vol. This is largely because no one thought too much about taking it from them. © 2011 Oral History Society Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? . Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Encyclopedia.com. southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of de-ethnicisation? Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922, Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. Protestants places far more emphasis on economic factors, mixed marriages and the impact of British military withdrawal. View Academics in Southern Irish Protestants on Academia.edu. doi:10.1017/S0018246X12000441., reviews recsent scholarship The Huguenots were French Protestants or, to be more precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians. The Irish Times and the southern Irish minority Ian dโ€™Alton House of Commons, โ€“ (CD. 1983. It welcomes contributions, whether long or short articles, news items, reviews or reports of meetings, conferences or new projects. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. . Protestants claimed to have played some part in achieving these changes, not least through the opening up of political and social discourse by such erstwhile Protestant and unionist fastnesses as Trinity College, Dublin, and the Irish Times. 1989. Heather Humphreys has called for the story of southern Protestants - especially those along the border - to be examined more extensively than in the past. Itโ€™s quite sad but for some, working out oneโ€™s religion is something of a preoccupation. Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 The Oral History Society promotes the collection, preservation and use of recorded memories of the past. "Brave New World." 1979. I think this is much less true with younger people. Social protest is collective action that uses unconventional means to press claims on institutional authorities to alter conditi…, Hume, John Protestants in a Catholic State: Ireland's Privileged Minority. The late twentieth century saw radical changes in both Protestant attitudes and attitudes toward Protestants. This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and communicated. 3 In southern Ireland, it is the Protestant population that is most closely associated with loyalism, that is a preference for the maintenance of British rule in Ireland, but this relationship is complex, as will be seen below. ." BIBLIOGRAPHY Encyclopedia.com. Had that happened โ€ฆ The Irish were not the original inhabitants of Northern Ireland, St Patrick was not Irish, the original Irish Christianity was not Roman Catholic and the biggest ethnic cleansing in Ireland was that of Protestants from Southern Ireland. All Rights Reserved. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. St Patrickโ€™s Cathedral, Dublin: faced with a new and unfamiliar political dispensation in 1922, southern Protestants had to juggle with a potentially disastrous disconnect. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. I am technically a Northern Protestant. Eventually Protestants constituted less than 5 percent of the population. Wilson contrasts them with the German minority in Prussian Poland between 1918 and 1923. Protestants in the Free State and Republic did not occupy the ghostly position of โ€œformer peopleโ€, in the poignant phrase applied to ci-devant Russian aristocrats after 1917. "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 ), cxvi โ€“ . Crisis and Decline: The Fate of the Southern Unionists. Although the Reformation began in Germany after Martin Luther nailed his famous theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg in 1517, the second major reformer Jean Calvin (usually referred to as John in English) was from northern France. It is almost impossible to tell instantly. . The Rossnowlagh Parade represents the most important event in the calendar of Southern Unionism and has, with the notable exception of a gap in the 1970s, taken place annually on the Saturday before the 12 th of July with little fuss for more than a hundred years. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. 1975. Southern Irish Protestants and /lrishness/ by Heather K. Crawford Abstract: This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and commu nicated. The view that to be truly Irish one also must be Catholic was impossible to sustain in the case of President Douglas Hyde, son of a Church of Ireland rector and a cofounder of the Gaelic League, which was dedicated to the revival of the Irish language. "The Protestant Churches in Independent Ireland." Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. McDowell, R. B. Northern Ireland, division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (2011 pop. 1997. The only Southern Protestant of any note I am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter. Select the purchase Some Protestants with a conspicuous unionist record, or closely identified with the British armed services and other agencies of the Crown, suffered violence to their persons and property, and many felt themselves to be in a vulnerable position as members of the former landed ascendancy class. 20.00 ISBN: 978-1-84588-880-0 Robin Bury, a member of the Church of Ireland, who grew up in East County Cork in the 1950s and 60s, has examined the long and troublesome experience of the Protestants in what he calls โ€˜Southern Irelandโ€™.โ€ฆ Tag Archives: irish protestants. Southern Irish Protestants, while law-abiding citizens of the new state, found much that was alien to them in the early decades of independence. The withdrawal from Ireland of military personnel, many of whom had been Protestant, together with casualties in World War I, contributed to the demographic decline. Oral History Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Rather, they remained an element in Irish life whose Irish identity is unequivocal and who did not share the uneasy feeling of ill-gotten historical privilege delineated in Bowenโ€™s autobiographical writings. Lyons, F. S. L. "The Minority Problem in the 26 Countries." RUANE, JOSEPH; BUTLER, DAVID 2007-10-01 00:00:00 The study of minorities forms a very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism. Buried Lives: the Protestants of Southern Ireland Robin Bury, The History Press Ireland, Dublin 2019. The early twentieth century saw the transformation of the southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. Social legislation, particularly in the areas of divorce, family planning, and censorship of publications, reflected Vatican teaching, and claims by unionist leaders in Northern Ireland that they had a Protestant parliament for a Protestant people were matched by public statements by some southern politicians equating Irish Catholics with the Irish people. In The Years of the Great Test, 1926–36, edited by Francis MacManus. by Professor Arthur Noble. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). 39, No. Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined Lee, J. J. Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society. Protestants could therefore have confidence in their Irish credentials. Akenson, Donald H. A Mirror to Kathleen's Face: Education in Independent Ireland, 1922–1060. This item is part of JSTOR collection ." Historical Journal. It analyses the ways in which the irruption into everyday communication of this emotional legacy reproduce difference, and examines Protestant perceptions that Catholics see them as incapable of possessing an authentic national identity. Article pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to style. Encyclopedia.Com content Kingdom of Great Britain and northern Ireland, division of the United of. 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