consist of 275 to 500 species that can be separated into three groups based on their microanatomy: the live or evergreen oak group, the red oak group (Erythrobalanus), and the white oak group (Leucobalanus).Species within each group look alike microscopically. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Leaf bases are wedge-shaped or flattened. Shumard's oak is native to southern Illinois, but is hardy in the northern part of the state as well. Similar in appearance and habit to scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea).Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for oak trees. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy . Janka Hardness: 1,290 lb f (5,750 N)* ��p�\T#�j�H&_3�������c��j���Հ�xv/��(���� ޫ�qq���� ��o3UA�Ϥ렮���h#�� {�� �v�=/[��o���8Ϣ>!Ü�����4�S��{l 0[p �{z��p������ì�>��� Scientific Name: Quercus shumardii. Maryland. 3' - 4' Sun Preference. The crown spreads with age becoming … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. However, in the St. Louis area, it is most often found on dry, elevated sites. In its youth, this majestic tree will grow even faster, quickly adding shade to your landscape and cooling your home. Legal Status. All plants need water while establishing their root system and during periods of extended drought. Root establishment can take from one to several years, depending on the original size of the plant. << /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] Description With an average growth rate of about 2 feet per year, the Shumard Oak is the fastest growing red oak. Indigenous to central and southern Missouri in moist locations in bottomlands and lowlands, including sites along streams and lakes, valleys, floodplains and at the edge of swamps. "0� �l2���`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)��Q��R]*��X*"G� "����B� �TD��D�8�����\8����Q �l7��FX!\@n�A�� ���\ph1�f9(�I���!��2H��HE� Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions including wet soils. Quercus shumardii. Quercus shumardii. Tree Size: 80-115 ft (25-35 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Shumard Oak. Adapts to sandy, well-drained and disturbed urban clayey soils. >> Mature Height. The Shumard Oak is botanically called Quercus shumardii. Leaves have lobes that are pointed at the apex except on the Willow and Shingle Oaks but all have small bristly tips. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Shumard oak Fagaceae Quercus shumardii Buckley symbol: QUSH. Shumard oak Fall color of a planted tree in Sombrerete, Zacatecas, Mexico Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: … Turns a brilliant red-orange during the fall seasons it will drop its leaves once the winter season arrives. stream Shumard oak is a large tree that often grows to heights of 80' to 125'. Growing 80 feet tall with a 50 to 60-foot spread, Shumard Oak forms a large, stately tree with a narrow, rather open, rounded canopy, somewhat reminiscent of Red Oak (Fig. It has a slightly buttressed trunk and broad, open crown. Leaves are 6 to 8 inches long, 4 to 5 inches wide, overall oval-shaped, with an acute apex. The leaves are sinuate and the flowers are green-yellowish. /Length 57461 ����P��4DC4c Fall color is a spectacular scarlet red. Legal Status. It is sometimes called the eastern black oak. Quercus shumardii, or Shumard Oak, is native to eastern Kansas and is a member of the red oak family.It grows naturally along river bottom land and rocky hillsides next creeks and streams. Leaves fall brown over an extended period of time in fall and winter. Chapman Oak ( Quercus chapmanii ) While Chapman oaks ( Figure 2 ) may reach 50 feet in height and exceed 10 or 12 inch diameters, Florida specimens rarely grow beyond shrub height in the dry, sandy scrub ecosystem they inhabit. Fact Sheet. Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. Red Oak Fact Sheet Shade tree, street tree, lawn tree. Common names are from state and federal lists. Best suited to open lawn space. Quercus velutina, the black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak group (Quercus sect. The crown spreads with age becoming round at maturity. The word quercus is the classical Latin name of oaks, said to be derived from Celtic fine and tree. It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi, Quercus texana, and Quercus gravesii. /Filter /LZWDecode Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. INTRODUCTION. The genus Quercus includes more than 600 Shumard oaks are known to … 1: Quercus velutina: Black Oak: 1: Black Oak: Quercus velutina: 31: American Turkey Oak: Quercus laevis These plants are drought tolerant once established. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Growing 80 feet tall with a 40- to 50-foot spread, Shumard oak forms a large, stately tree with a narrow, rather open, rounded canopy, somewhat reminiscent of red oak. << Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). It has gray, furrowed bark and grayish-brown, dull, bud scales on the mature branchlets. Figure 1. Quercus shumardii: Common Name: Shumard oak: Family: Fagaceae: Suggested Uses: large shade tree, golf course, specimen : Characteristics : Plant Form: large tree: Height: 40 - 60 feet tall (can reach up to 100 feet tall) Foliage: alternate, simple, and deciduous 6 to 7 lobes (occasionally 9) with fairly deep, "C"-shaped sinuses Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in early spring as the leaves emerge. Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8\" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). Shumard oak can be grown in full sun in acidic, neutral, or alkaline soil. �@�K"���T�� �ͩ�FP���pŸ�b���Ӡ�p��D�S������ *ƒ�h�B��2�r�r��. stenocarpa Laughlin – Shumard oak. Common names are from state and federal lists. The leaves are alternate and deeply lobed. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landsca… Southern red oak is an excellent large, durable shade tree which reaches 60 to 80 feet in height with a large, rounded canopy when it is open-grown. >> 40' - 60' Mature Spread. ] Dig a hole that's at least one-and-a-half times wider than the diameter of the root ball and slightly shallower. stenocarpa. Can be difficult to transplant and establish. Shumard Oak1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2. C)�� Q$� �v,=��m���y�QG Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Quercus shumardii. {�L�3�4;P4�؟�p �J4h ΏT��O���ϡpl��1B�RD�EMg�%9M�'J�R�?-Ske;;�����$����MS)���]bE��/?֑�9,Pmv��`Q6jxQԜ]WI�P����.V�$)\�2 `��5��G�. Quercus shumardii Fall Color Depot Tree 2 Year Seedling. Quercus shumardii Buckley var. Leaf: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long, 5 to 9 lobes with coarse bristle tips, sinuses extend more than halfway to midrib, shiny dark green above, pale green below. Flower: Species is monoecious; males are long hanging catkin in clusters, light green; females single or paired on a short stalk, appearing with the leaves. Shumard oak begins to produce fruit at about 25 years, with optimum production at about 50 years and good crops every 2–3 years. This species can be utilized as a street tree, but may be difficult to find in nurseries. 3 0 obj The national champion is 94’ high and 101’ wide, estimated between 300 and 350 years. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. No permanent damage appears t… Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is a large, deciduous tree that reaches up to 30m in height. The leaves are alternate and deeply lobed. Fruits are acor… Larger plants will take longer to establish. This plant has no children. Height: 50-80' Spread: 40-50' Shape: Upright, pyramidal Foliage: Coarse, dark green in summer Fall Color: Red/Orange, Burgundy, Brilliant Red Hardiness: 4-8 Comments: Magnificent large Shade Tree. Full Sun. Shumard Red Oak information (Quercus shumardii). Quercus shumardii var. Fact Sheet ST-561 October 1994. The Shumard oak has a pyramidal habit when young but matures to a more rounded shape. Soil Preference. Does well in wide range of soils from dry locations to wet ground and low spots. Fruits are acorns which are usually not produced until the tree has reached the age of 25 years. Quercus shumardii. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in early spring as the leaves emerge. It will grow best in a soil that's rich and moist, though it can also be planted in drier sites. Each leaf has seven to nine sharply toothed lobes that tend to widen slightly toward the tip. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. Generally a durable and long-lived tree, but is susceptible to a large number of potential diseases and insect pests, including anthracnose, canker, leaf spot, rust, blight, galls, caterpillars, borers, leaf miners, oak lace bug and oak mite. shumardii ) • Live Oak (Quercus virginiana ) • Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum ) • Lacebark Elm (Ulmus parvifolia ) • Japanese Zelkova (Zelkova serrata ) MEDIUM-SIZED TREES (25-40 feet tall): • Arizona Cypress (Cypressus ... Low Water Use Plants Fact Sheet-current Each leaf has 7 to 9 sharply toothed lobes that tend to widen slightly toward the tip. Distribution: Southeastern United States. Swamp Chestnut Oak (Quercus michauxii) Overcup Oak(Quercus lyrata) Dwarf Chinkapin Oak(Quercus prinoides) The Red Oak Group: Has acorns that take two years to mature. The deciduous, shiny green leaves are 5- to 9-inches-long by 4- to 5-inches-wide, with the terminal lobe much longer and narrower than the others. Old trees become more rounded, 40 to 60’ high and wide. Fifield Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611-0670 Phone: (352) 392-1831; Fax (352) 392-3870. [/CalRGB Subordinate Taxa. Shumard’s oak is a large, deciduous tree that reaches up to 100 feet (30 meters) in height. They are about 3-1/2-inches long. The small acorns from this tree are a favorite of deer and squirrels and also enjoyed by several species of birds and mammals. Like others in the red oak group, the lobed leaves have sharp, pointy contours. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Drought, Dry Soil, Air Pollution. Acidic, Alkaline, Drought, Loamy, Well Drained. %���� /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Middle-aged Shumard Oak. Management of Insects and Mites in Tree Nurseries. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. This oak's narrow, unlobed leaves are silvery green with short, hairy petioles. Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft 3 (730 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.56, .73. © 2013 | Site Feedback |; University of Florida | ; IFAS |; 1549 W.M. Most Oak trees are slow to moderate growing the Shumard Red Oak is one of the faster-growing oak trees. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. It has gray, furrowed bark and grayish-brown, dull, bud scales on the mature branchlets. 1). Germination occurs at high frequencies; full light is required for good seedling establishment and growth. Lobatae), native and widespread in eastern and central North America.It is found in all the coastal states from Maine to Texas, inland as far as Michigan, Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. 40' - 60' Shipping Height. Shumard is a beautiful tree in youth, pyramidal-oval, with upswept branches and dense foliage canopy, usually with a central leader. %PDF-1.1 Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group. However, it seems to tolerate fair to poor soils very well and has become popular in urban settings. Some defoliation is noted during the summer in droughty years, but this is probably a drought-avoidance mechanism. Shumard Oak 40-60 40-60 PC U D N C T 5 to 9 pyramidal to spreading Quercus shumardii Japanese Pagodatree 45-70 50 UL WD S N X T 4 to 7 broad-rounded Sophora japonica Bald Cypress 75-100 20-30 PC L WD S N T 4 to 11 Taxodium distichum American Linden 60-80 40-60 P … Wildlife Value. Shumard's Red Oak (Quercus shumardii): The native Shumard oak is a member of the red oak group and produces acorns biennially. But the hardy Shumard Oak is so much more than just a shade tree. endobj 1 0 obj Chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves while the veins remain green) often occurs when soils are not properly acidic. Shumard oak. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] The 4- to 8-inch-long deciduous leaves are deeply-lobed (more so than Quercus rubra) and have bristles on the tips of some lobes. Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. Worldwide, the oaks (Quercus spp.) ( Quercus sect 1-1.5 m ) trunk diameter the classical Latin name of Oaks said! 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