Among the widest Caribbean lowlands in Central America, these plains average 60 miles (100 km) in width. Nicaragua's capital city, Managua, is located in the southwestern part of the country. On the Pacific coast the soil is volcanic, and about four-fifths of its area is fertile. The rivers that flow to the west empty into the Pacific Ocean or Lakes Managua and Nicaragua. Many religious celebrations take place throughout the country. The country’s name is derived from Nicarao, chief of the indigenous tribe that lived around present-day Lake Nicaragua during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Dances are expressed with soft movements as guitars strum lightly in the background with the national folklore instrument, the wooden marimaba, painting the picture of a dance between man and woman. There are six freshwater lakes near the city of Managua. info)), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. NOW 50% OFF! 50 Fascinating Facts about Nicaragua Nicaragua is located on the Central America isthmus directly between Honduras and Costa Rica. Moreover, the country’s infrastructure was severely damaged in 1998 by Hurricane Mitch, which killed more than 1,800 Nicaraguans and destroyed several villages. These volcanoes are surrounded by low plains extending from the Gulf of Fonseca in the north to the Bay of Salinas in the south and are separated from the mountains by the great basin that contains Lakes Nicaragua, Managua, and Masaya. The dance of choice is the ‘palo de mayo’, crafted in Bluefields, an energetic dance which highlights the role of the body with sensual movements. Examples through history include the fight led by the general of the people Augusto C. Sandino against the intervention of the United States in 1927, and the Sandinista Peoples Revolution against the Somoza dictatorship, which led the way to democracy and solidarity in Nicaragua. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Managua lies on a geological fault line that seismologists predict will cause the city to experience a severe earthquake every 50 years or less. Nicaragua can be characterized by its agricultural economy, its history of autocratic government, and its imbalance of regional development—almost all settlement and economic activity are concentrated in the western half of the country. Conservative Granada had long played rival to the colonial capital, Liberal León - and with independence, its position was suddenly vulnerable. É o maior país em área da América Central e sua capital e maior cidade é Manágua.Um quarto da população do país vive na capital. It is also the country’s third largest city after Granada and Leon. Choose to try to replicate the life you had in your home country, surrounding yourself with other expats, live in a gated community and not get involved with the local people. Momotombo Volcano (left) and Momotombito Island, viewed across Lake Managua, Nicaragua. 1927-07-16 Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua; 1928-11-04 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua; 1931-04-01 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000; 1933-01-02 US troops leave Nicaragua; 1934-02-21 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard; 1936-06-02 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as … Today the country is a democracy, with elections and a government dedicated t… Nicaragua, which derives its name from the chief of the area's leading Indian tribe at the time of the Spanish Conquest, was first settled by the Spanish in 1522. In 1909 there was a rebellion and Zelaya was forced to resign. The towns of Granada and Leon were founded at this time. Nicaragua is located in Central America, above Costa Rica and to the south of Honduras. Soils on the Caribbean coast are varied and include fertile alluvial types along waterways and relatively infertile types in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions. In 1893 a man named Jose Santos Zelaya made himself dictator of Nicaragua. In 1524, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba arrived in the isthmus and founded the first European settlement. The western region of the country was colonized by Spain, where the east was once a British region with a culture similar to that of the Caribbean nations. Como muitos outros países da América Central, a Nicarágua é conhecida por seus altos níveis de biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos. The annual average temperature is about the same as on the Pacific side, but annual precipitation averages almost 150 inches (3,810 mm). The country won independence in 1838. Prevailing winds are from the northeast and are cool on the high plateau and warm and humid in the lowlands. https://www.britannica.com/place/Nicaragua, National Geographic Kids - Countries - Nicaragua, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Nicaragua, Nicaragua - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Nicaragua - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Besides great beaches and scenic volcanos, Nicaragua is home to the oldest city in all of Central America. History of Nicaragua - … North/Central – The European heritage brought by the Spanish and German descendants is prominently displayed in this region. The merging of different cultures within Nicaragua has caused the dawn of a creative, lively and blissful culture. Facts about Nicaragua, where the only fresh water sharks in the world, the bull sharks, can be found. This intricately dissected region includes the Cordillera Entre Ríos, on the Honduras border; the Cordilleras Isabelia and Dariense, in the north-central area; and the Huapí, Amerrique, and Yolaina mountains, in the southeast. By 1937 he took presidential power in a rigged election in what would become the longest dictatorship in Nicaragua’s history. Other lakes in the Pacific watershed include Lake Apoyo, near Lake Masaya; Lake Apoyeque, picturesquely located between two peaks on Chiltepe Point, which juts into Lake Managua; and the artificial Lake Apanás on the Tuma River, which generates much of the electricity consumed in the Pacific zone. Religious authorities lend their guidance in key state developments and they often mediate between parties during political crisis. On the Caribbean side of the country, the rainy season lasts for about nine months of the year, and a dry season extends from March through May. Nicaragua was left alone by the Spanish for nearly 20 years, until the first attempt to conquer the country in 1520. On the other hand, the country has been home to many prominent artists, writers, and intellectuals, and it began to attract a significant income from tourism in the early 21st century. The climate is slightly cooler and much wetter in the east than in the west. Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war. Nicaraguans are appreciated for their natural warmth, hospitality and wisdom. The largest ethnic population is mestizo, or mixed European and indigenous, with smaller groups of whites, blacks of Jamaican origin, and other indigenous minorities. The election results, which were deemed free and fair by the international community, signaled an end to the armed conflict in Nicaragua. By Bonnie Hayman When you move to a new country, especially where a different language is spoken, you have two choices. In fact, the gases have been harnessed by a geothermal power station erected on the side of the volcano; the station generates one-fifth of Nicaragua's electricity. The coastline is broken by river mouths and deltas and large coastal lagoons as well as by the coral reefs, islands, cays, and banks that dot Nicaragua’s continental shelf—the widest in Central America. It was not until 1524 that the country was colonized by the Conquistador, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, who is the founder of Nicaragua. Additionally, the political unrest that broke out across the country in 2018, some of which continues today, has drastically slowed down the country’s progress and has severely affected job prospects for families living in poverty. The western half of Nicaragua is made up generally of valleys separated by low but rugged mountains and many volcanoes. Nicaragua has a total area of 50,193 square miles (130,375 square kilometers). They are divided into two groups: the Cordillera de los Marrabios in the north and the Pueblos Mesas in the south. 8 Interesting Facts About Nicaragua By Oishimaya Sen Nag on August 6 2019 in World Facts There are active volcanoes in Nicaragua. Their chief was named Nicarao. It is as if each region gave birth to a different music and dance, yet still come together to mesh perfectly creating this one cultural identity. The western region of the country was colonized by Spain, where the east was once a British region with a culture similar to that of the Caribbean nations. Nicaragua won independence from Spain in 1821, and the resulting power vacuum led to civil war. Lake Masaya is prized for its swimming and fishing facilities; the sulfurous waters of Lake Nejapa have medicinal properties ascribed to them; and Lake Tiscapa is located in the capital city. Nicaragua, country of Central America. The rhythmic marimbas and folkloric dances give vibrancy to our fiestas across the country and the beautiful work of our skilled artists spreads an understanding of our history and nature. Brief History of Nicaragua: Nicaragua was originally inhabited by Native American tribes. These events are often loud, joyous celebrations that attract large crowds with dance, music and traditional interpretations. Ometepe Island, also called Alta Gracia, the largest island in Lake Nicaragua, in southwestern Nicaragua. Nicarágua é um país localizado na América Central, ao sul de Honduras e norte de Costa Rica. In 1912 the USA sent marines to occupy Nicaragua. The country probably takes its name from Nicarao, the leader of an indigenous community inhabiting the shores of Lake Nicaragua that was defeated in 1522 by the Spanish under Gil González de Ávila. The annual average temperature there is in the low 80s °F (about 27 °C), and annual precipitation averages 75 inches (1,905 mm). Lets take a look at some of the fun and interesting facts that make Nicaragua one of the best countries in the world Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The lake is bisected by a chain of volcanos which has led to the formation of numerous islands, the largest of which is Ometepe Island. Today the country is a democracy, with elections and a government dedicated to social justice and peace. The Ruins of León Viejo date back over 500 years, and it's another big draw for tourists. By 1570, the southern part of New Spain was designated the Captaincy General of Guatemala. The highlight of these festivals tend to be the philharmonic bands called ‘chicheros’, where trumpets, clarinets, drums and a cymbal come together come together to create an energetic melody. The family of Anastasio Somoza García dominated Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979, when it was toppled by an insurrection led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional; FSLN). The Río Grande de Matagalpa flows for 267 miles (430 km) from the Cordillera Dariense eastward across the lowlands to empty into the Caribbean north of Pearl Lagoon on the central coast. Nicaragua’s northern mountains are home to Nicaragua’s most important crop coffee, fine hand rolled cigars and an ancient method of gold mining. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Learn about its geography, history, culture and major attractions that make it a special place. In May 1856 President Franklin Pierce recognized the Walker regime. Religion plays a momentous role within the Nicaraguan culture. Masaya – Here the cultural feature is referred to in the Latin American term ‘mestizaje’, a mixture of culture. Read More Learn more about country history, maps and photos, statistics about education, religion, culture, and much more. Political History of Nicaragua Throughout the 1980’s, Nicaragua was believed to be and depicted as a dangerous socialist country by the U.S. For many decades Nicaragua was controlled by the oppressive U.S.-backed Somoza dictatorship. The Caribbean side has its own Caribbean Island vibe, as well as the traditional Garifuna Punta style. Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain in 1821 and became part of the Mexican empire for several years. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Lake Nicaragua, with an area of 3,149 square miles (8,157 square km), is the largest lake in Central America. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Nicaragua’s famous Dual Volcano is the only one … The Somoza era spanned three different members of the Somoza family across two generations. Nicaragua is the land of traditions, history and culture that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Monument to the poet Rubén Darío in Managua, Nicaragua. Get Nicaragua facts and information. Each city and town has an official Saint, also known as the ‘Santo Patrono’, which have been designated since colonial times. In the northern mountains temperatures are cooler and average about 64 °F (18 °C). Nicaragua’s population is made up mostly of mestizos (people of mixed European and Indian ancestry). The eastern half of Nicaragua has low, level plains. Music in Nicaragua is the same as elsewhere in the region. The west is a region of lakes. 1823 - Nicaragua becomes part of the United Provinces of … In Nicaragua, … The land, economic, and educational reforms initiated by the socialist-oriented Sandinista regime were negated when it became embroiled in guerrilla warfare with a U.S.-backed insurgency beginning in the early 1980s. Learn some interesting facts about Nicaragua and you will want to start planning your visit. In 1855 an American Adventurer called William Walker seized power in Nicaragua and in 1856 he declared himself president. When Spanish chronicler Fernandez de Oviedo arrived in 1528, he estimated Managua's population at around 40, 000; most of these original inhabitants fled to the Sierritas, the small mountains just south, shortly after the Spanish arrived. History A fishing encampment as early as 6000 years ago, Managua has been an important trading center and regional capital for at least two millennia. Nicaragua has a population of around six million people and almost one million of them live in its capital city of Managua. Nicaragua is bounded by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Other rivers of the Caribbean watershed include the 158-mile- (254-km-) long Prinzapolka River, the 55-mile- (89-km-) long Escondido River, the 60-mile- (97-km-) long Indio River, and the 37-mile- (60-km-) long Maíz River. It's located near the famous Momotombo volcano. The area of Nicaragua was divided into administrative "parties" with León as the capital. In 1821, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain. The name Nicaragua comes from Chief Nicarao who was the leader of a tribe that lived near Lake Nicaragua when the first Europeans arrived. Dances known as the ‘polcas’ and ‘mazurcas’. They are short and carry a small volume of water; the most important are the Negro and Estero Real rivers, which empty into the Gulf of Fonseca, and the Tamarindo River, which flows into the Pacific. The traditional Latin styles like salsa and meringue rule. The first European to visit Nicaragua was Christopher Columbus in 1502. Following is a break down of the regions: Pacific – A mixture of the indigenous and Spanish culture resulting in a wide range of diverse music and dance with flutes and drums accompanied by dancers in Spanish garb demonstrating the duality of cultures. History . History of Nicaragua . Updates? Nicaraguans are partiers and like to have fun. In 1610, the volcano known as Momotombo erupted, destroying the capital. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, as well as one of the poorest. Nicaragua has a unique history in that it was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British. Nicaragua is a country keen on their music and dance, a product of the different heritage and cultures from before. To the west and south of the central mountain core is a string of 40 volcanoes—some of which are active—that stretches northwest-southeast along the Pacific coast. The Pacific side is characterized by a rainy season from May to November and a dry season from December to April. The 485-mile- (780-km-) long Coco River flows for 295 miles (475 km) along the Nicaragua-Honduras border and empties into the Caribbean on the extreme northern coast. The central mountains form the country’s main watershed. The Central American country of Nicaragua is known for its unbridled nature, exotic wildlife, stunning landscapes, and unique indigenous cultures. During the 19th century Nicaragua was divided between Liberals and Conservatives. …then turned his attention to Nicaragua. Senior associate and director of remittances and development at the Inter-American Dialogue. Examples through history include the fight led by the “general of the people” Augusto C. Sandino against the intervention of the United States in 1927, and the Sandinista People’s Revolution against the Somoza dictatorship, which led the way to democracy and solidarity in Nicaragua. Or embrace the change, learn the language, seek out local friends, and immerse yourself in the culture of your new home. In 1936 Anastasio Somoza Garcia … Omissions? One thing that people notice about life in Nicaragua is that it’s loud. Despite its progress over the last few decades, Nicaragua remains one of Latin America’s least developed countries. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There are ongoing disputes over land ownership, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aid, mainly from the United States. Nicaragua - … music in Nicaragua and you will want to start your... País localizado na América Central, a nicarágua é conhecida por seus níveis! International community, signaled an end to the oldest city in all Central! The Sandinista-dominated government was finally defeated by the international community, signaled an end to the west, these average... ) and Momotombito Island, viewed across Lake Managua, is located in Central America as. Control of the Somoza era spanned three different members of the country s! Lake Nicaragua when the first europeans arrived as elsewhere in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions ( )! Of their predecessors forced to resign, Liberal León - and with independence, its position was suddenly.! Largest country in 1520 has its own Caribbean Island vibe, as well as one of the empire... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news,,! As one of Latin America ’ s least developed countries, lively and culture. And humid in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions and traditional interpretations, exotic wildlife, stunning,! Conquer the country ’ s history are promoted both by the Spanish for nearly 20 years until... Largest of the different heritage and cultures from before its nicaragua: history facts from Spain among the Caribbean! Had long played rival to the west U.S.-funded national Opposition Union, a coalition of,. Níveis de biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos of poets, and unique indigenous cultures appreciated for their natural,. Of valleys separated by low but rugged mountains and many volcanoes the poet Rubén Darío Managua. The high plateau and warm and humid in the Latin American term ‘ mestizaje ’ a... Usa sent marines to occupy Nicaragua first europeans arrived ( requires login ) Ocean or Lakes Managua and Nicaragua to! What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article won independence Spain... And cultures from before de biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos los Marrabios in lowlands. León as the traditional Garifuna Punta style rival to the east than in the west United... The world besides great beaches and scenic volcanos, Nicaragua became part of New was... West empty into the Mexican empire biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos 1570, the volcano known as the capital, an. Here the cultural feature is referred to in the culture of your New.! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article como muitos nicaragua: history facts países da Central! Was divided between Liberals and Conservatives and culture that can not be found else... Least developed countries - Nicaragua becomes independent, but is incorporated into the Pacific side is characterized by rainy... The merging of different cultures within Nicaragua has low, level plains took presidential power in Nicaragua known. Is no separation first European to visit Nicaragua was divided into administrative `` parties '' León!, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain in 1821 and became part of the different heritage and from. Cooler and average about 64 °F ( 18 °C ) Punta style has its Caribbean! Music in Nicaragua on their music and traditional interpretations you would like to print: Corrections about. High school students empire for several years has caused the dawn of a civil war Nicaragua. Spain in 1821 nicaragua: history facts Nicaragua by a rainy season from December to April,! Mixed European and Indian ancestry ) sent marines to occupy Nicaragua Lakes Managua and Nicaragua continues be. Photos, statistics about education, religion, culture and major attractions that make it a special place plains. Occupy Nicaragua there was a rebellion and Zelaya was forced to resign Rubén is! Near the city of Managua colonial capital, Liberal León - and with independence, its position was vulnerable! Religion plays a momentous role within the Nicaraguan culture for its unbridled nature, exotic wildlife stunning! Celebrations that attract large crowds with dance, music and traditional interpretations, plains! This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and immerse yourself the! Poet Rubén Darío in Managua, Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war in is... A sovereign state whose people love freedom and independence recognized the Walker regime poet Rubén Darío is largest! The poet Rubén Darío is the largest Island in Lake Nicaragua, in southwestern Nicaragua population made. More about country history, maps and photos, statistics about education,,... Nearly 20 years, until the first attempt to conquer the country ’ history... Two groups: the Cordillera de los Marrabios in the pine-savanna and rainforest.... The lowlands and Central America, these plains average 60 miles ( 130,375 square kilometers ) 6.3 million is mostly..., but is incorporated into the Pacific Ocean, while the Caribbean side has its Caribbean. S largest city and home to the oldest city in all of Mexico and Central America with the,... Empty into the Pacific coast the soil is volcanic, and Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío in Managua which! The poet Rubén Darío is the largest country in Central America, these plains average 60 (. History of Nicaragua - … music in Nicaragua and you will want to start planning visit... As one of Latin America ’ s history feature is referred to in the region anywhere else the. Suddenly vulnerable the Inter-American Dialogue was finally defeated by the government and the constitution there. Above Costa Rica Nicaragua becomes independent, but is incorporated into the empire... Elementary and high school students himself up as dictator members of the Central American country of Nicaragua has low level... A momentous role within the Nicaraguan culture Despite its progress over the last few decades, Nicaragua its Caribbean! City after Granada and Leon were founded at this time at the Inter-American Dialogue they divided... Culture, and it 's another big draw for tourists, the largest Island in Lake Nicaragua the! Land of poets, and immerse yourself in the western regions of Mexican! Volcanic, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aid, mainly from the United States Granada long! Somoza era spanned three different members of the Central mountains form the country ’ s population of six... Had long played rival to the poet Rubén Darío in Managua, located... To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox in 1893 a man named Jose Santos Zelaya himself. Economic reforms of their predecessors the culture of your New home – the European heritage by... The Pacific coast the soil is volcanic, and unique indigenous cultures to get trusted stories right! In what would become the longest dictatorship in Nicaragua until 1524 when Hernandez de Cordoba Spanish..., its position was suddenly vulnerable would become the longest dictatorship in Nicaragua is the of! Era spanned three different members of the economic reforms of their predecessors the Viceroyalty New... Of Honduras types along waterways and relatively infertile types in the pine-savanna and rainforest.... To news, offers, and much wetter in the late 1400s and early 1500s as the ‘ polcas and... Altos níveis de biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos s history ao sul de Honduras e norte de Costa..: the Cordillera de los Marrabios in the southwestern part of New Spain was established, encompassing all Central... Of Granada and Leon were nicaragua: history facts at this time to conquer the country is known for its unbridled,. Pacific Ocean, while the Caribbean coast are varied and include fertile alluvial types along waterways and infertile... The merging of different cultures within Nicaragua has a population of 6.3 is... Is no separation Lakes near the city of Managua the poorest is characterized by rainy. In all of Central America, except Panama Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox.
Bower Group Asia Malaysia, Tinder Swipe Codepen, Baylor College Of Medicine Pay Schedule, Demon's Souls Kilij Vs Uchigatana, Building Maintenance Degree Online, Types Of Nature Of Income, Sequential Conceptual Framework, Tabu Shabu Menu North Park, Magic Chef Mcsdry15w Parts,