The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework. Meditation, Restoration and the Management of … Directed attention plays an important role in human information processing; its fatigue, in turn, has far­ reaching consequences. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 169-182. However, in the present research, the term Nature refers to the broader sense of natural environment. The Kaplans got involved in studying the effects of nature on people in the 1970s with a US Forest Service grant to evaluate a challenge program in Michigan's wilderness. Their work on "restorative environments" and Attention Restoration Theory influenced how landscape and design professionals and others view humanity's relationship with nature. An integrative framework is proposed that places both directed attention and stress in the larger context of human-environment relationships. An integrative framework is proposed that places both directed attention and stress in the larger context of human-environment relationships. The Four Dimensions of … Natural environments turn out to be particularly rich in the characteristics necessary for restorative experiences. Unlike natural environments, urban environments are filled with stimulation that captures attention dramatically and additionally requires directed attention (e.g., to avoid being hit by a car), making them less restorative. The restorative effects of interacting with nature refer to theory and research examining how and why interacting with natural environments (such as nature parks) can improve human psychological health, physical health, and overall well-being. If you are not at the University of Michigan, or if acces is restricted on campus as well, you can request file(s) from the author(s) using this form: However, environmental enrichment with either plants or inanimate objects at the computer workstation seemed to provide a restorative potential, which should be investigated further. Natural environments turn out to be particularly rich in the characteristics necessary for restorative experiences. Journal of Environmental Psychology - The Restorative Benefits of Nature - Toward an Integrative Framework (Stephen Kaplan 1995) You may also like. ISSN: 0272-4944 The restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework. By Stephen Kaplan. The presence of plants during work did not have superior restorative effects compared with inanimate objects, neither with nor without access to a window view. THE RESTORATIVE BENEFITS OF NATURE: TOWARD AN INTEGRATIVE FRAM~WORK STEPHEN KAPLAN Department ofPsychology, University ofMichigan, Ann Arbor, !ll148109-1109, U.$.A. Restorative experiences are those that have three components: They are different from our normal routine, they are fascinating to some extent, and they fit your needs and interests. Cambridge University Press. Posted Mar 05, 2016 Kaplan, S.. 1995. 0 1995 Academic Press Limited Introduction Evidence pointing to the psychological benefits of nature has accumulated at a remarkable rate in a relatively short period of time. Recent research has found fascinating connections between nature exposure and human well-being. 9 Restorative Benefits of Nature. The Restorative Effect of Nature Why connecting to the great outdoors is good for our wellbeing. Type Article Author(s) Stephen Kaplan Date 1995 Volume 15 Issue 3 Page start 169 Page end 182 DOI 10.1016/0272-4944(95)90001-2 Is part of Journal Title Journal of Environmental Psychology ISSN 0272-4944 . Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Kaplan, S. (1995). As we noted earlier, natural environments have the capacity to restore your attention, improve your performance on tasks, and improve your resistance to and recovery from stressful life events. Abstract. Nature, in particular water and vegetation, are especially restorative because from an evolutionary perspective, we perceive them as a resource rich (we will be more likely to survive near water and vegetation so it calms us). Although many experiences could be restorative, it turns out that getting out in nature tends to be one of the best ones because it so easily satisfies these three requirements. Jan 26, 2018 - The Restorative Benefits of Nature: Toward an integrative framework Kaplan, S. (1995) The Restorative Benefits of Nature Toward an Integrative Framework. You’ve reached a citation within the Knowledge Repository, a library of resources on healthcare design topics. The Restorative Benefits of Nature: Toward an Integrative Framework Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 169 –82. Spiritual Psychology: Why Meditation Isn’t Enough. 1 Kaplan, R. Kaplan, S. (1989). By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. 15, No. About. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15 (3), 169–182. Journal of Environmental Psychology, v.15, Page 169-182 Attention Restoration Theory provides an analysis of the kinds of experiences that lead to recovery from such fatigue. Directed attention plays an important role in human information processing; its fatigue, in turn, has far-reaching consequences. During exposure to natural and urban environments. ” About viewing of natural environments on television for. 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