En 2015, 29,2 % de la population avait moins de 15 ans, 63 % avait entre 15 et … After the eradication of apartheid system, religion, freedom, and protection in the country facilitated the growth of different religions. [22][23] Hindu Indians were among the people who were referred to as coolies,[24] racially segregated, and their discrimination continued through the Apartheid era until 1994. Islam in South Africa has grown in three phases. 61. This represented an increased from 79.8% reported in the 2001 census. [33] In 2007 the South African Law Reform Commission received submissions from the South African Pagan Rights Alliance and the Traditional Healers Organisation requesting the investigation of the constitutionality of the act and on 23 March 2010 the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development approved a South African Law Reform Commission project to review witchcraft legislation.[34][35]. Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practised by roughly 1.5-2.0% of the total population. The CRL Rights Commission stated that they would submit their recommendations to the Department of Home Affairs, the Department of Labour, various Portfolio Committees and the Office of the Presidency.[37][38]. Despite the wide-ranging spectrum of South Africa's religions, 80 percent of all South Africans consider themselves Christian. In conclusion, the multi-colored nation of South Africa is said to support Christianity as the primary belief system. The third phase, following the end of Apartheid, has been marked by the wave of African Muslims that have arrived on the shores and borders of South Africa. [18] Although, the majority of South African Muslims are Sunni, smaller numbers are Ahmadi, particularly in Cape Town.[19]. It is unclear when the first Hindus settled in parts of South Africa. Source: Global Restrictions on Religion studies. By the 2001 South African Census, its membership had increased to 4.97 million members. This minority group forms less than 1% of the total population.e system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. See also: Religion (all countries) | Ananzi - Religion South Africa | Online - Religion Africa Inter Mennonite Mission Organized as the Congo Inland Mission in 1912. Religion … The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. These innocent victims are vulnerable to a double degree: as women and as older persons. Oui. About 3% do not identify with any religion, and a similar percentage are followers of folk or traditional religions – including African traditional religions. 3. Some South African local governments banned temple building and property ownership by Hindus in 1910s. With the growing force of colonialism, the religion dominated as more British settled in the Cape Town. The largest Protestant denomination in the country is Pentecostalism, followed by Methodism, Dutch Reformed and Anglicanism. P.P. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. [3], The socially marginalized African Traditional Religion adherents have become more publicly visible and organised in a democratic post-apartheid South Africa and today number over 6 million, or approximately 15 percent of the population.[4]. As of 2010, it had the world's ninth largest population of Baháʼís, with nearly 240,000 members. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. The immense majority of South Africans are Christians. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. After the British occupations of the Cape in 1795 and 1806, this Christian tradition prevailed. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. Later each of the constituent countries successively formed their own independent Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly. The 2016 General Household Survey measured a … However, other religions are protected by the constitution. Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. South Africa Compare South Africa » Overview; Demographics; Religious Restrictions; Religion News; Religious Demography: Affiliation. It has grown in three phases. Coloured and white South Africans each account for roughly 300,000. [25] Modern South Africa has many Hindu temples, and its Hindu community observes major festivals of Hinduism such as Deepavali. In accordance with section 5 of the Civil Union Act, any religious organisation may apply to the Department of Home Affairs for designation as a religious organisation and when designated as such must formally nominate suitable candidates from within their organisation to be designated by the Department of Home Affairs as religious marriage officers for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to the rites of that religious organisation. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. [32], The Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 based on colonial witchcraft legislation criminalises claiming a knowledge of witchcraft, conducting specified practices associated with witchcraft including the use of charms and divination, and accusing others of practising witchcraft. La loi garantit-elle la liberté religieuse? Based in Elkhart, Indiana. According to Stats SA’s Community Survey 2016, the distribution of religious beliefs in South Africa is as follows: Christianity – 43 423 717 Islam – 892 685 Traditional African religion – 2 454 887 Hinduism – 561 268 Buddhism – 24 808 Bahaism – 6 881 Judaism – 49 470 Atheism – 52 598 Agnosticism – 32 944 No religious affiliation/belief – 5 964 892 Other – 1 482 210 Do not know – 704 358 Source: Official Guide to South Africa Africa is traditionally concerned the Muslim continent though the rapid rise of Christianity and active missionary work has led to followers of each of the two great Abrahamic religions today claiming higher number of adherents. South Africa is called the rainbow nation because of its variety of people, cultures and religions. [10], A 2015 study estimated some 6,500 believers from a Muslim background have converted into Christianity and numbers have increased recently. Zion Christian Faith. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. The majority are descended from Irish and Italian immigrants. During the introduction of Christianity at the onset of colonialism and more notably in the apartheid era, there was a mass execution of the Traditional African Religion. The first Hindu temples were in operation in the 1870s. It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. 57. Majoritairement urbaine avec un taux de 64,8 % en 2015, la population est inégalement répartie : la plupart des habitants résident à l'est du pays. Since then, Protestantism has been the predominant religion of the European settlers and today, of South Africa as a whole. In the infant years, the church ran by the doctrines of the Christian Catholic Church based on Zion, Illinois. Various legislative reforms have taken place or have been initiated since 1994 as a result of lobbying by disenfranchised groups. The Roman Catholic Church is the main Catholicism in South Africa and 7.1 of the population in the country are followers of this religion.The belief system is common among the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religionamong most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. The Auwal or Owal Mosque built in 1794, is a mosque in the Bo-Kaap neighbourhood of Cape Town, South Africa, it is recognised as the first mosque established in the country. Islam was introduced by the Cape Malay slaves of the Dutch settlers, Hinduism was introduced by the indentured labourers imported from the Indian subcontinent, and Buddhism was introduced by both Indian and Chinese immigrants. The church's headquarters are at Zion City Moria in Limpopo Province, South Africa (Northern Transvaal). Hindus comprised about 0.9% of the population of South Africa; however 3.3… Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. This is down from the 1.4% based on the 1996 census. Judaism came about when the Jewish astronomers and cartographers came to South Africa. A diverse variety of African Traditional Religions of the early Khoisan and later Bantu speakers were practiced in the region prior to contact with European seafarers and settlers. South Africa. Everyone is free to follow whatever faith they want to, or not to follow one at all. [16] 2.7 million are of various black African ethnic groups, such as Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Most Africans are Christians, but is Christianity an African religion? Economic immigrants from India and Pakistan also contributed to the Muslim community before the end of apartheid. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics Religions: Christian 86%, ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions 5.4%, … The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. Botha felt Israel had betrayed him", "World Jewish Population - Latest Statistics", "Chapter 9 – State institutions supporting constitutional democracy", "Investigation and Conflict Resolution (ICR)", "Current Investigations: Progress Report; Project 135: Review of witchcraft legislation", "South African Law Reform Commission Thirty Eighth Annual Report 2010/2011", "crl rights commission continues with the consultative community hearings on the possible review of public holidays", Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_South_Africa&oldid=993199734, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. 28th International Population Conference (IPC) 2017 to be hosted in Cape Town, South Africa “Population is not simply a problem of numbers. Islam, though a minor religion, was introduced by the Dutch settlers’ Cape Malay slaves and constitutes 1.5% of the total population in the country. Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. R Huttenback (1976), Racism and Empire: White Settlers and Colored Immigrants in the British Self-Governing Colonies 1830-1910, Cornell University Press, Michelangelo van Meerten, in History of Humanity: Scientific and Cultural Development, Editors: Peter Mathias and Nikolaj Tolorov, Volume 6, Originally published by. Son travail est considéré comme fondateur de l'anthropologie en langue française et sa thèse prévaut pendant des décenniesnote 4 quoiqu'il soit revenu à la fin de sa vie sur cette analyse. Early Hindu settlements in South Africa suffered discrimination, abuse and persecution. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa. Currently, there are 3.8 million Catholics. With the establishment of a trading post at the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch in 1652, Christianity obtained a permanent foothold and gained converts among the indigenous population. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. One of the SALRC's other new projects, the review of witchcraft legislation, will support the constitutional guarantee to freedom of religion, but will also serve to protect vulnerable groups. South Africa has a broad mix of religions. All Christians are listed in one category regardless of their denominations. Since its introduction in 1652 by the settlers, the system has gained popularity and has a majority following. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religion among most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. [11], The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying on World Christian Trends) estimated in 2010 that 82.0% of South Africans identified as Christian, 7.1% identified with indigenous religions, 5.4% identified as agnostic, 2.4% identified as Hindu, 1.7% identified as Muslim, 0.5% identified as Baháʼí, 0.3% each identified as Buddhist and atheist, 0.2% identified as Jewish, and less than 0.1% identified with each other group. The median age across the population is approximately 27.1 years of age. [8] The 2016 Community Survey, and intercensal survey carried out by Statistics South Africa, reintroduced the religion question, and the results were reported in the pie chart. Other notable Christian belief systems in South Africa include the Methodist Christian with a 6.8% of the population and the Charismatic Christians with a fascinating 8.2%. Among the believers of Christ, the… Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. Judaism in South Africa came about some time before the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, by the participation of Jewish astronomers and cartographers in the Portuguese discovery of the sea-route to India. The Church of England came to South Africa in the early 17th century. Rorty, rights and religion: The contribution of South African religions to a shared value system Ronald Nicolson INTRODUCTION The need for shared values It must be obvious to us all that if there is to be hope and stability in South Africa, a common set of values will need to be widely accepted. Le Gauteng est la région la plus peuplée suivie par le KwaZulu-Natal4. Most white Catholics who are English Speaking are the descendants of the Irish immigrants. In South Africa the constitution protects freedom of religion. Au début du xxe siècle dans ses ouvrages Les fonctions mentales dans les sociétés inférieures, 1910, et La mentalité primitive, 1922, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl théorise la pensée primitive comme pré-logique et mystique, les pratiques spirituelles afférentes étant considérées comme des « pré-religions »7. Indicateurs de Base. The South African religious landscape is diverse and has a profound effect on the role that faith communities and its members may and should play within this context. [2] The Baháʼí community decided to limit membership in its national assembly to black adherents when a mixed-race assembly was prohibited under Apartheid. The 2001 census for South Africa found that 79.8% of the population (35,7 million people), were Christian, up from 75.5% in 1996. Population: Approximately 100 million, or 10 percent of Africa’s population. A 2012 Win-Gallup International Religiosity and Atheism poll indicated that the number of South Africans who consider themselves religious decreased from 83% of the population in 2005 to 64% of the population in 2012. Among potential Jewish emigrants, many were likelier to select a destination popular among other South Africans, such as Australia. So into the religion dominated as more British settled in the Cape of Hope. 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