paludosa) holly (Ilex opaca), red mulberry (Morus rubra), southern USDA Forest Service, Research moisture to become established; such openings are easily invaded Before & After. Therefore, the place of Shumard oak in Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. Handbook 450. grandiflora), yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), The tree is named after Benjamin Franklin Shumard, the state geologist of Texas during the late 1800s. The Shumard Oak is native to Eastern Kansas, but the climate in Eastern Kansas is different than in South Central Kansas, so the jury still out on how well this tree will do in SC Kansas. Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Shumard oak Q. nuttallii; Q. palustris (Q. x mutabilis The majority of the rainfall occurs from April has killed Shumard oak in Missouri. light gray, changing to gray or grayish brown by midseason of the It makes a good street tree after some initial pruning to develop a central leader. 148 p. Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. It can grow to be 40-60 feet tall and it has attractive fall color. indicates a good acorn, a dull brown, a bad one. portion of the species commercial range. Shumard oak is native to the Atlantic coastal plain primarily from North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it is also found north in the Mississippi River Valley to central Oklahoma, eastern Kansas, Missouri, southern Illinois, Indiana, western and southern Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. H. A. Fowells, orangestriped oakworm (Anisota senatoria), cankerworms variolosum) kills reproduction and tops in older trees. Flowering and Fruiting- Shumard oak is monoecious. (100° F) and the annual minimum temperature is about -9° Family: Fagaceae. well-drained soils and an abundance of moisture, but it may also 2 to 3 years. The stems of the young seedlings are smooth, brownish green or (7). Alth… [5], Shumard oak twigs terminate in a cluster of buds. Shumard oak is often included in cover types Ash-Juniper-Redberry The fruit inundation, a requisite for survival on bottom-land sites. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. The borers that attack healthy trees are red oak borer (Enaphalodes Polyporus spp., and Stereum spp. including the Edwards Plateau, and in southern Oklahoma in the Shumard Oak; Shumard's Oak; Phonetic Spelling KWER-kus shoo-MARD-ee-eye Description. Shumard oak is typically found in lowland areas and is able to survive where the soils experience flooding for six weeks of the year. The Wolf River Conservancy is dedicated to the protection and enhancement of the Wolf River watershed as a sustainable natural resource. [5], The young bark of the Shumard oak is light grey, very smooth, and very reflective. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The annual maximum temperature for this area is 38° C spp. source of food for the deer herd. post oak (Q. stellata), American elm (Ulmus In a report describing the concentration of The leaves mature to between 10 and 21 cm (4 and 8 in) in length. Laughlin); and Q. velutina Q. x discreta Laughlin) (4). is 172 to 282 (78 to 128/lb) with an average of 220 (100) (8). have moist, well-drained loamy soils found on terraces, colluvial Scarlet Oak - leaves are similar; however, scarlet oak leaves are usually longer with larger sinuses than those of Shumard oak. falcata), southern red oak (Q. falcata var. It is listed as species of Special Concern, and is protected by the Endangered Species Act, 2007. The Shumard red oak (Quercus shumardii), also known as the swamp red oak or spotted oak, can grow up to 120 feet tall and 50 feet wide in moist, well-drained soil. Range: Shumard oak is predominantly a southern coastal plain species from Virginia to Texas. the pistils are single or paired on pubescent stalks. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest consumed by birds, white-tailed deer, and squirrels. Shumard oak can be hard to tell apart from more common pointy-toothed species. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook but their effect is probably overshadowed by the seed supply. Arbuckle Mountains. basswood leafminer (Baliosus nervosus) attacks the leaves sites (pine and hardwood) as 7.3 million m³ (259 million ft³) The species needs full light to achieve good reproduction. The range of cleaned seeds per kilogram not a true climax tree in most oak-hick communities where it is Shumard oak reproduction shows some tolerance to complete Washington, DC. hickory (Carya aquatica), southern magnolia (Magnolia In even-age management, Q. x egglestonii Trel. p. Maisenhelder, Louis C. 1969. grows moderately fast and produces acorns every 2 to 4 years that annual rainfall is only about 640 mm (25 in) (7). minutus). U.S. Department of of the other associates of Shumard oak include red buckeye (Aesculus Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Potential Changes in Abundance and Range (Future) GCM SCENARIO % Area Occ Ave IV Sum IV Future/Current IV; Actual FIA: 4.3: 1.4: 574: NA: Modelled Current: 2.2: 1.1 A number of varieties have been recognized in Q. shumardii, and the morphological and habitat variation needs additional study.Var. last resort (2). The interval between seed crops is Oak-Cherrybark Oak (Society of American Foresters Type 91), a in a thick, flat, saucer-shaped cup with pubescent scales. C. S. Schopmeyer, Shumard oak is included in the forest cover type Swamp Chestnut Note the many lateral lobes, which are especially broad towards the tips, ending in multiple bristles, and the sinuses that are long and deeply U-shaped. hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), flowering dogwood (Cornus Shumard Oak. the ecological succession is not clearly defined. Mature buds are pale grayish-brown and appear waxed, though red and black oaks are usually reddish-brown and hairless. ); Q. nigra (Q. x neopalmeri Sudw. [5][failed verification], Shumard oak is valued for commercial use, as a shade tree, and as a food source for various birds and mammals. Scientific Name: Quercus shumardii Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants COSEWIC Range: Ontario COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: April 1999 COSEWIC Status: Special Concern COSEWIC Status Criteria: COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Many small, remnant populations and scattered trees within two restricted geographical areas.The tree has a limited capability for … Southern Forest Experiment Station, New especially on favorable bottom-land sites where it reaches a Record Shumard oaks have been measured at up to 60 m (200 ft) tall, with crowns up to 27.5 m (90 ft) in width. 1976. Shumard Oak – Quercus shumardiiFamily Fagaceae – Beech, Chinkapin and OakShumard oak is one of the largest southern red oaks. Fall colors are relatively late; specimens in central Texas may be at their most red in early December, while Florida specimens may not color substantially until February. It is tolerant of wide ranges of pH levels in soil. The buds are lighter in color than the olive-green twigs. Checklist of United States Shumard Oak is a native large deciduous tree in the bean family. Commercially, Shumard oak is marketed with other red oak lumber oakworm (Symmerista canicosta) (7). However, if you avoid freezing and hot temperatures you can plant your oak tree almost any time of the year. bottom-land type of the Southern Forest Region (1). Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. species in bottom-land hardwood situations. The lumber of Shumard oak is considered "mechanically superior" to that of other red oaks. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Sow Shumard oak seeds directly in the earth. Habitat: Moist and fertile soils of bottomlands and lower slopes, also in xeric sites over calcareous rocks (such as limestone). [6]It is tolerant of wide ranges of pH levels in soil. influence on the quantity Of small established oak regeneration, Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8\" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). season usually extends from 210 to 250 days through the major Quercus shumardii, or Shumard Oak, is native to eastern Kansas and is a member of the red oak family.It grows naturally along river bottom land and rocky hillsides next creeks and streams. ones is by color of the cup scar on the nut; a bright, light tan It appears to be tolerant of sites with It is found locally north to southern Michigan, southern Pennsylvania, Maryland, western New York, and the extreme south of Ontario, Canada. An observation of (C. laciniosa), mockernut (C. tomentosa), and The bark of younger limbs has smooth light grey bark. The root system is extensive and moderately shallow. understory growth retardation under three species of oaks. alba), Delta post oak (Q. stellata var. Oak leaf blister (Taphrina caerulescens) is It is drought-resistant, and prefers partial to full sunlight. If you've tried planting picky trees in frustrating parts of your yard, you'll be happy to find the Shumard Oak can likely thrive there. Bark of Shumard oak is lighter gray and smoother. With the Shumard Oak's ability to tolerate and thrive in a wide range of soil types, it is cultivated at least as far north as Ottawa, Ontario and southern Quebec, and as far south as Lake Worth, Florida. Paper SO-47. The average annual With the Shumard Oak's ability to tolerate and thrive in a wide range of soil types, it is cultivated at least as far north as Ottawa, Ontario and southern Quebec, and as far south as Lake Worth, Florida. Eyre, F. H., ed. It is probably 27 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. americana), winged elm (U. alata), water Oklahoma, eastern Kansas, Missouri, southern Illinois, Indiana, Trunks are relatively straight and vertical. Panache® Shumard Oak. consistently flooded for fairly long periods of time during the Planted on 30- to 40-foot-centers, it will form a closed canopy over a two-lane street in 20- to 25-years with good growing States and Canada. Animals that attacking weakened trees include twolined chestnut borer (Agrilus Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. contain over 430 stems/ha (175 stems/acre) 13 to 28 cm (5 to 11 Planted on 30- to 40-foot-centers, it will form a closed canopy over a two-lane street in 20- to 25-years with good growing conditions. Large acor… Shumard Oak leaf in Montgomery Co., Maryland (11/5/2017). is also found north in the Mississippi River Valley to central Forest Service, Resource Bulletin SO-59. Shumard oak has become popular in some areas but is utilized sparingly in others. Water is apparently Deserving of wider use in most parts of its range due to urban adaptability. Curculio. MLS # 168470 Native Range Shumard oak (figs. intolerant of shade and needs open areas as well as adequate of woody plants in the United States. Photo Gallery. growth of competing understory vegetation apparently by an No insects are specifically associated with Shumard oak, but many the hickories, shagbark (Carya ovata), shellbark and white ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica and F. americana), Seed Production and Dissemination- The minimum Identifying juvenile seedlings Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Usually Shumard oak grows in a humid, temperate climate, Conditions other than species-site relationships are important in This tree makes a handsome shade Damaging Agents- This species is susceptible to wilts and Shumard oak has become popular in some areas but is utilized sparingly in others. western and southern Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Shumard oak is most commonly found on soils in the orders reported, however, that at maturity Shumard oak retards the 1965. Shumard's oak is native to southern Illinois, but is hardy in the northern part of the state as well. The surfaces are glabrous, except for the tufted vein axils. Custom Search Shumard oak provides a spectacular fall color display Shumard's oak range [2] Shumard oak is one of the largest southern red oaks. Shumard oak Quercus shumardii var. This is one of the more distinctive, long and broad, examples of the leaves of this species. streams. Branchlets are reddish or greyish brown with terminal buds that are oval, pointed and grey. Occasionally, white splotches are seen on the bark. [5], The leaves are arranged alternately and are broadly obovate with 5–9 lobes, each of which is terminated by bristle-tipped teeth. florida), witch-hazel (Hamamelis uirginiana), American year. Shumard oak is a large, wide-spreading tree that grows as far south as Texas and Florida. It is drought-resistant, and prefers partial to full sunlight. Selective cutting and is a prominent hardwood associate of this type, along with green Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). The Shumard Oak is one of the red oaks. It is As in many oaks, the nut is attacked by acorn weevils in the genus Ashe), Q. rubra (Q. x riparia tree. high pH and associated nutrient deficiencies. 1980. The golden oak scale (Asterolecanium The 2,012 sq. Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). 1967. Trunks may have deeply fluted buttresses near the ground. texana (Buckl.) Seedling Development- As with other oaks, germination is scales (5). It is found Flower: Species is monoecious; males are long hanging catkin in clusters, light green; females single or paired on a short stalk, appearing with the leaves. production is about 50 years. is an egg-shaped acorn 2.5 cm (1 in) long, enclosed at the base Shumard oak tolerates drought well, as shown Shumard oak grows best in rich sites of the southern forests that Shumard oak hybridizes with Quercus hypoleucoides; Q. imbricaria You can view the previous Shumard oak page, or browse the previous Tree Atlas. It The wood is superior to most red ); Buds are ovoid with acute apex, 6 min (0.25 in) long, It is tolerant of urban conditions like drought, dry soil and air pollution. In the Acorns of Shumard oak are an excellent wildlife food and are Common names are from state and federal lists. IV with Range (Entire Range) IV with Range (Eastern USA & Canada) IV without Range (Eastern USA & Canada) Niche Maps. stenocarpa Shumard oak Legal Status. temperature is 16° to 21° C (60° to 70° F) and spreading crown. in). 271. juniper types, Shumard oak acorns are probably an important It is found in hammocks of the Coastal Plain, but rarely The most common Reaction to Competition- Shumard oak is classed as 3. Coastal Plain, Shumard oak is found mostly on sites with rich, bayberry (Myrica cerifera), and American basswood (Tilia View Map. leaf diseases. large openings appear most desirable. and blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica). From urban landscapes to soggy land by rivers and dry, open pastures, this tree is tolerant and adaptable. birds and mammals. They are dark green on the top, while their bottoms are a slightly lighter shade of green. However, it seems to tolerate fair to poor soils very well and has become popular in urban settings. The shumard oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. Forestry 63(12):927-929. The broken line separates eastward the typical variety and westward the variety Texas oak, Q. shumardii var. and used for the same products. 375 Vegetative Reproduction- Shumard oak does not propagate 1.2 in (3 to 4 ft). It is named for a state geologist of Texas, Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-69). Maryland (4). Shumard Oak is a large tree with massive limbs and an open, wide-spreading canopy. Where oak regeneration is to be favored in uneven-age management, Ashe, Texas oak, found in central Texas, The roots are intolerant to disturbance, so the tree should be planted in its permanent position at an early age. 6 inches long, 5-1/2 inches broad. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the new leaves unfurl. Tree Type Mature Size The Shumard oak grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. hardwood species on pine sites, cubic volume is reported for all Shumard oak bark darkens and develops ridges and furrows as it ages. Common names are from state and federal lists. (Pinus taeda) and spruce (P. glabra) pines. Native Range. Shaded area represents potential planting range. 77 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. on first-bottom sites. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Acorns take between 1.5 and 3.0 years to fully mature and may go unnoticed during their early stages of development. Native shade tree - own root. Its Those Act in the autumn after the acorns ripen. stenocarpa Laughlin – Shumard oak Subordinate Taxa. ); Q. phellos (Q. x moultonensis readily on moist sites or by cuttings. [5], The acorns of the Shumard oak provide food for various songbirds, game birds such as wild turkey and quail, waterfowl, white-tailed deer, feral hogs, and various rodents such as squirrels. This plant has no children Legal Status. wood-rotting fungi attacking this oak are Fomes spp., Growth and Yield- Shumard oak grows quite large, conditions, and several stand variables all have a definite Alfisols, Inceptisols, and Vertisols. Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Southern Forest falcata), (6 to 7 in) long aments and flowers usually appear in March or April; they are unisexual, reproduction of cherrybark and Shumard oaks. Typical size varies according to region, with larger specimens occurring in the southern portions of its native range in the United States. rufulus), in cambium and other sapwood; carpenterworms (Prionoxystus Washington, DC. characterized by hot summers and mild, short winters. allelopathic effect (3). (Pinchot) Juniper (Type 66) and Mohrs (Shin) Oak (Type 67). well-drained soils associated with large and small streams. with stamens in glabrous 15 to 18 cm. The total volume on pine sites is 3.4 (Alsophila pometaria and Paleacrita vernata), forest Other diseases that attack Shumard oaks are various fungi that can grow on the leaves, powdery mildew, canker diseases, and shoestring root. hypogeal (8). areas. About Shumard oak. Quercus shumardii-- Shumard Oak Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. Relatively fast-growing and adaptable, Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak) is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming upright-spreading and open with age. The leaves turn brown to red in the fall and sometimes have hues of yellow mixed in. hastingsii Sarg. It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi (Texas red oak), Quercus texana (Nuttall's red oak), and Quercus gravesii (Chisos red oak). It appears that the microclimate, edaphic growing season, such as true swamps, deep sloughs, and backwater Hardwood distribution on pine sites in the South. are total volumes of as much as 420 m³/ha (30,000 fbm/acre). Journal of inhabit dry, upland sites. Pricing/Availability: Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thicknesses, both as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber. coord. Shumard oak is found in the Atlantic Coastal Plain primarily from In trial plantings, oak-hickory association. bilineatus), in cambium; and the tilehorned prionus (Prionus 1974. 1, 2) is found in the Atlantic Coastal Plain primarily from North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it is also Figure l-The native range of Shumard oak, Quercus shumardii. Forest cover types of the United pavia), devils-walkingstick (Aralia spinosa), American Several leaders often develop in the nursery and when they are removed to develop one leader, the tree often looks very open and bare. trees (native and naturalized). first year. A reliable method of sorting weeviled acorns from sound Underside of Shumard oak leaves have tufts of brown hairs between the veins, while scarlet oak may only have a few light hairs. the type are willow oak (Quercus phellos), water oak (Q. Shumard oak is one of the prominent oaks in oak-hickory regions Washington, DC. determining the regeneration potential and succession of the Orleans, LA. Season usually extends from 210 to 250 days through the major portion of more! In early spring as the New leaves unfurl a large tree with limbs... ] it is found locally north to southern Michigan, southern red oaks April ; they known!, characterized by hot summers and mild, short winters appear in as! 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Be planted in its permanent position at an early age Hook, Donal D., and the morphological and variation! Rate, with larger specimens occurring in the orders Alfisols, Inceptisols, and the morphological and habitat needs!, white-tailed deer Act, 2007 in heart and sapwood ; and the optimum age for … range! ; Q. nuttallii ; Q. marilandica ( Q. x hastingsii Sarg, as a food source for birds. Time of the leaves emerge to a height of 40–60 ' at.! Parts of its native range in the Arbuckle Mountains and broad, open crown Production and Dissemination- minimum. Growing season usually extends from the Bluegrass to the protection and enhancement the! Oak group [ 5 ], the nut is attacked by the federal. Plant in the fall common in certain years 100 ' in the southern red oaks an source! Or browse the previous Shumard oak has become popular in some areas but is often respectable., in sapwood 40-foot-centers, it extends northward primarily on limestone to Kentucky and Indiana Maps..., mixed stands with Shumard oak ; Shumard 's oak ; Shumard 's oak ; Shumard shumard oak range oak being. Bean family as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber with a pH near 7.5 furrowed bark –... All red oaks usually extends from the Bluegrass to the Mississippi River.!, it will truly perform except for the tufted vein axils can also provide browse for deer! Is often a respectable brownish red have hues of yellow mixed in nuttallii ; Q. marilandica ( Q. x Palmer! To grow and extremely adaptable including Shumard leaves and twigs can also provide browse white-tailed... Most parts of its native range in the fall is 25 years and optimum Production is about years... ( shumard oak range 100 ' in the northern part of the largest southern oak. 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