[9] After the hurricane moved through the Yucatán Peninsula and entered the Bay of Campeche, the Weather Bureau alerted areas in the storm's path on the western side of Mexico's Gulf Coast. [3] The strong winds knocked out communication lines, preventing officials from accurately enumerating casualties on the island,[14] though communications were still maintained by commercial cable companies and amateur radio. Thus Corozal Town may have the distinction of being the only Pineapple crops and livestock experienced less significant losses. Up on Santa Rita Hill is a modern hospital and the town’s Conversions from British Pounds to United States Dollars were done using a currency converter with an exchange date of September 29, 1955. Pineapple crops and livestock experienced less significant losses. [50] Although located south of where Janet made landfall, areas of Veracruz were inundated by strong storm surge, including the city's main streets and port. "[3] The hurricane was estimated to have intensified to Category 5 hurricane intensity—the highest rating on the modern day Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale—at 1200 UTC on September 27, while in the western Caribbean Sea. There are now many concrete buildings, several parks and playgrounds, and a [47] Ten other military transport aircraft from the United States Air Force were sent from Texas to provide food and clothing. The resulting flood was reported by the Weather Bureau office in New Orleans to be one of the worst natural disasters in Mexican history. The NOAA Hurricane Hunters, including Weather Underground's Dr. Jeff Masters, were expecting to fly into a 130-mph hurricane in 1989. In its developmental stages, Janet caused $7.8 million in damage to the Lesser Antilles and 189 deaths in the Grenadines and Barbados. After passing between the islands of Grenada and Carriacou in the morning hours of September 23, Janet entered an area of unfavorable conditions in the eastern Caribbean Sea. [64], Relief and reconstruction measures were enacted in the British Honduras beginning on September 30. Moving westward across the Caribbean Sea, Janet fluctuated in intensity, but generally strengthened before reaching its peak intensity as a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 175 mph (280 km/h). Farther north along the Texas coast, tides were 2 ft (0.61 m) above average, blocking beach roads near Corpus Christi. Small boats were also sent to monitor streets. [68] The United States initiated the largest relief campaign ever staged in Mexico at the time. Strong winds were also reported to have destroyed docks and warehouses, and unroofed a hotel in St. George's, Grenada. Janet also cause major damage and death on the island of Barbados. After Janet passed north of the islands, all storm warnings were lifted on the morning of September 25. [17] An estimated 8,100 homes were damaged by the hurricane. [38] However, after crossing the Bay of Campeche and making landfall near Veracruz, relief measures were once again implemented in the western Gulf Coast of Mexico. Around the world, about 10,000 people … Hurricane Laura: Its path, damage and risks ahead Janet Loehrke, Karl Gelles, and Janie Haseman, USA TODAY Hurricane Laura made landfall at … [4], Shortly after 1700 UTC on September 22, the eye of Janet passed over Barbados. [37] Farther south in Belize City, winds peaked at 60 mph (100 km/h), though no damage was reported. There, an estimated 30% of all trees had been damaged, especially mahogany and sapodilla trees. FILE - In this Aug. 26, 2020 file photo, a cemetery along Privateer Blvd. During a news conference at Pensacola International Airport, a reporter asked the governor whether negligence was suspected in the […] Sugar cane was expected to have a 20% decrease in yield due to the damage sustained after the storm. Hurricane Janet also caused extensive damage to crops, with an estimated $2.631 million in damages. 0 1 2. [71], Due to its large swath of destruction, the name Janet was retired by the Weather Bureau, becoming just the seventh Atlantic tropical cyclone to have its name retired, and the fourth to be retired in 1955. It was the strongest hurricane during the 1967 Atlantic hurricane season. [3] Roads and crops on the peninsula sustained heavy damage due to Janet. Hurricane Janet also caused extensive damage to crops, with an estimated $2.631 million in damages. [2] Janet's minimum barometric pressure, recorded in Chetumal, was at the time the second lowest recorded pressure on land associated with a tropical cyclone in the Atlantic, behind the 1935 Labor Day Hurricane. Intense downdrafts pushed the plane down to 880 feet, took out one engine a… [33], After passing the Swan Islands, Janet made landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula between Corozal Town, British Honduras, and Chetumal, Mexico, at 1700 UTC on September 28. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. This remains the only such loss which has occurred in association with an Atlantic hurricane. Janet's landfall as a Category 5 hurricane on the Yucatán Peninsula was the first recorded instance that a storm of such intensity in the Atlantic made landfall on a continental mainland; prior to Janet, landfalls of Category 5 intensity were only known to have taken place on islands. After weakening over the Yucatán Peninsula, it moved into the Bay of Campeche, where it slightly strengthened before making its final landfall near Veracruz on September 29. After a hurricane hits a coastal area, it can travel inland. The system began as a tropical wave over the Atlantic Ocean, which developed into a tropical depression on August 7, 1955. As Keith moved to Belize’s mainland, it quickly diminished into a tropical storm. [55] The rains caused a landslide in Colonia San Rafael, killing 12 people. [30] Although four hurricane reconnaissance flights have been lost since operations began in 1943, Snowcloud Five remains the only known loss of a reconnaissance aircraft as a result of a hurricane in the Atlantic basin, with the other three occurring as a result of Pacific typhoons. built in Spanish colonial fashion. [3], While in the Bay of Campeche, the shrimp boat Celestino Arias was sunken by strong waves generated by Janet after it suffered engine failures. It is a modern town laid out In that city, a barometer indicated a minimum barometric pressure of 914 mbar (hPa; 27.00 inHg) in the eye of Janet. [6], Upon Janet's formation east of the Windward Islands, the Weather Bureau office in San Juan, Puerto Rico advised small craft to remain in port and vessels in the path of the developing storm to exercise caution. The Weather Bureau advised all small craft south of Port O'Connor, Texas to remain in port. [61] The British government later announced that it would send £50,000 (US$155,000) in relief to the Grenadines. [38] In Quintana Roo, Hurricane Janet was estimated to have caused $40 million in damages and at least 500 deaths, the most of any region affected by Janet. [59] The extensive damaged caused by Janet on the island to low-income households led the passage of the 1955 Housing Act, which created the National Housing Authority (NHA) in 1956. Hurricane Janet - Barbados 1955. The newly founded organization quickly worked to rebuild homes after the hurricane struck. Hurricane Janet (1955) Wind speed at landfall: 175 mph Death toll estimated: 681. For weeks the road to Belize City was littered with trees, shrubbery, [4][6] On September 22, Janet attained hurricane strength, and proceeded to rapidly intensify as it moved westward across the Windward Islands. [29] Upon penetration of the hurricane's eyewall at an altitude of 700 ft (200 m), a final transmission was received from the reconnaissance flight before it presumably crashed in the Caribbean Sea. [6] At least $65.8 million in damages and 1,023 deaths were caused by the hurricane, mostly in Quintana Roo. [7] A reconnaissance flight into the hurricane discovered that the Hurricane Janet's eye measured only 20 mi (32 km) in diameter,[3] with gale force winds extending 120 mi (190 km) away from the center of circulation. was an old wooden courthouse by the main street, a post office established On September 22, 1955, Hurricane Janet hit Grenada and the island of Carriacou with 115 mph winds resulting in heavy damage to homes and a loss of 122 lives. Sugar cane was expected to have a 20% decrease in yield due to the damage sustained after the storm. The National Archives UK. unofficial divisions of the "Bacadia" area, the "Centro" area, and the The name Janet was later retired from the Atlantic list of tropical cyclone names due to its significance to the scientific research community. Eight people were killed in a small town adjacent to the airport. water supply reservoir. At this point, the storm has typically weakened, but it can still cause damage. [nb 3][63] The Crown Agents and Red Cross delivered relief supplies to Barbados and the Grenadines, which included aluminum roofing sheets and portable electric generators. [35] 97 people were killed in Xcalak, constituting more than a third of the port's population. Hurricane Diane - August 15-19, 1955 . What is a major hurricane? (seen in photo above). It took the lives of 16 persons and caused almost four million dollars in damage. And hit Jamaica as a Category 2-3, causing unbelievable flooding and damage. Torrential rains from the storm can cause rivers to flood their banks and mudslides to form. Food depots in Corozal, Louisville, and Orange Walk Town were tasked with distributing food. Notifications of Janet to potentially affected areas were stopped after the hurricane made landfall. In Bonaire, piers were destroyed, and the island's coastal boulevard was damaged. [3] Farther south, in Port of Spain, a church being used as a storm shelter collapsed, killing ten people. dollars and created a new township, complete with modern electricity, water, Hurricane Zeta: Two dead and two million without power after storm smashes Gulf Coast 'We're going to see a whole lot of damage …' says Waveland mayor Mike Smith The central plaza included the beautiful St. Francis Xavier Church Printed from https://corozal.com — Hurricane Janet. On the site of the old hospital is now the concrete [42] In British Honduras, the hurricane's effects were less deadly than in Quintana Roo,[43] but in northern portions of the colony the storm killed 16 people and caused $5 million in damages. Temporary communication lines were rebuilt, which initially only allowed official communications with affected areas. [34] In Xcalak, Quintana Roo, the strong winds from Janet flattened the port's infrastructure, and only one house remained intact after the storm's passage. [58], After Janet passed Barbados, the island was declared a state of emergency. [29] The exact cause of the crash remains unknown, though it is speculated that the plane's altimeter gave an incorrect reading due to the low surrounding barometric pressure. Hurricane Janet damage, notice Old Market upper right. File:Hurricane Janet analysis 28 Sep 1955.png, File:Hurricane Janet Barograph Chetumal.png, File:Corozal Town Damage Hurricane Janet.jpg, File:Tampico Flood Damage Hurricane Janet.jpg, File:NHA Rebuilding Barbados Neighborhood 1955.png, "A3) What is a super-typhoon? There was 15 inches of rain in 9 hours and very heavy wind and rain for 9 hours. [47] Heavy rains also impacted Guadalajara, which had previously not been affected by any tropical cyclones earlier in the year. [4] In Nautla, communications were cut by strong winds from the hurricane. People were evacuated to inland hillside shelters. Due to the severity of the damage in Corozal, an airstrip was built to help deliver relief to the city more efficiently. "Barrio" area remained, and there is now perhaps another area called [3] An airport on Grenada was covered in debris strewn by the strong winds. Hurricane Zeta hit the southeastern U.S. coastline yesterday as a Category 2 storm, with ferocious 110 miles per hour winds, causing serious damage to the Greater New Orleans area. [46] The strong winds also caused a relief plane to crash, causing five deaths. [15] Electric power was later restored, allowing newspapers to publish information on the storm. 60 years ago on September 27th Hurricane Janet hit Corozal Town with winds of 175 mph, one of the strongest hurricanes on record. [3] At 1800 UTC on September 21, while it was located 350 mi (565 km) east-southeast of Martinique,[4][5] the disturbance became sufficiently organized for the Weather Bureau to classify it as Tropical Storm Janet, the tenth named storm of the season. [12], Hurricane Janet skirted the ABC islands with strong winds as it passed to the north from September 24–25. [3][12][13] The large number of deaths and damage caused by Janet helped make the 1955 Atlantic hurricane season the deadliest and costliest hurricane season documented since comprehensive record of such statistics began in 1942. It took the lives of 16 persons and caused almost four million dollars in damage. The United States sent the cargo ship USS Antares, which supplied the colony with various relief materials. A United States destroyer and a British frigate were sent to bring relief supplies to Grenada, and ships departing from Jamaica and Trinidad were redirected to the island to help send supplies. What is an intense hurricane? Only about ten houses were left [44] Along the coast, tides were reported to be 3–4 ft (0.91–1.2 m) above average. After a reconnaissance flight reported much stronger winds than initially suggested, hurricane warnings were issued at 1600 UTC on September 22 for the entirety of the Lesser Antilles from Saint Lucia to Grenada, including Barbados. The 1964 Atlantic hurricane season was an active season that officially began on June 15, and lasted until November 30. in a wider area. [30] Following the loss of the plane, an extensive search and rescue operation took place over a large area of the Caribbean Sea, with 3,000 personnel involved with the search, returning no results. At least 1,023 deaths were attributed to Hurricane Janet, as well as $65.8 million in damages. band of workers lead by Mr. H. C. Fairweather, who took a grant of 3.5 million [56] Combined property damage in Mexico from Hurricanes Gladys, Hilda, and Janet was estimated to total $200 million, nearly half of the government's 1955 national budget. On the morning of September 26, 1955, a Navy Hurricane Hunter plane carrying out routine reconnaissance of Hurricane Janet in the Caribbean lost contact with its base. [6], During its existence, areas of the Lesser Antilles, ABC islands, and Central America were affected by Janet. Though tragic, it also created an opportunity for rebuilding by a Hurricane. Grenada, turned Corozal Town into rubble. [8], Once over land, Janet considerably weakened to a Category 2 hurricane with winds of 105 mph (170 km/h). [39] In Corozal Town, a $3.5 million grant was given to land surveyor H.C. Fairweather to plan and reconstruct the township. Six of the seven hurricanes developed into major hurricanes, with two of the six majors becoming category 5 hurricanes. [10] Property damage on Barbados was estimated to be $5 million,[10] and at least 57 people were killed. [3], Making landfall near the border between Mexico and British Honduras, the latter colony's Corozal and Orange Walk districts, containing a population of 15,500 at the time, experienced severe devastation from Janet. A Category 5 upon landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula, Janet caused severe devastation in areas of Quintana Roo and British Honduras. [40] About 90% of all buildings in the town were destroyed,[41] and communications were knocked out by the strong winds. [16] Relief workers on Barbados helped to clean up debris scattered by the strong winds on highways, and the local government made requests for food and construction materials. Although it was speculated that the disturbance originated from a tropical wave near Cape Verde, the Weather Bureau considered the system too weak to be detected due to a lack of reports from the islands. [4] Hurricane force winds were reported for two hours preceding the hurricane's landfall, with numerous pressure readings below 948 mbar (hPa; 28.00 inHg). However, it was its slow-moving speed that made Keith such a problem, especially to the Cayes, where Keith caused $150 million in damage. [6], The Weather Bureau first began cautioning areas of Central America at 1600 UTC on September 26, advising people in areas of northeast Nicaragua and Honduras to take precautionary measures, along with all vessels and small craft in the Gulf of Honduras south to Cabo Gracias a Dios. In Maltarana, Jalisco, the Lerma and Duero Rivers overflowed, forcing 800 people in the town to evacuate. One curiosity is that Hurricane Janet did not erase social boundaries. There [6] The weakening system degenerated to tropical storm strength by September 30, and later dissipated over central Mexico by 0600 UTC that day. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. administrative building, with post office, treasury, and magistrate court. By JANET McCONNAUGHEY October 4, 2020 GMT. [19] Heavy rains peaked at 4 in (100 mm) and a storm surge of 7 ft (2.1 m) swept away low-lying houses along the coast. Storm warnings were issued for all islands in the Windward Islands from Saint Lucia south to Tobago, excluding St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Mexico. [65] The government also declared a state of emergency for Corozal, Orange Walk, and Belize administrative districts, including a ban on liquor sales. On September 30, 1963, Hurricane Flora hit Grenada with 125 mph winds. along Belize’s Northern Highway. [20] Houses were also unroofed, and balconies of government offices in St. George's were torn off. Sugar cane was expected to have a 20% decrease in yield due to the damage sustained after the storm. [3] As it neared the Yucatán Peninsula on September 26, Janet began accelerating in forward speed. [40] Based on an average home cost of $2,000, it was estimated that property damage to homes in Corozal Town totaled $800,000. [3] An additional 10,000 people in the city were left homeless after the hurricane, and were forced to sleep in the open overnight. [25] Three ships were also grounded in the local harbor. Various government and relief agencies, including the American Red Cross and The Salvation Army, participated in the relief efforts. [39] Much of Santa Elena, British Honduras was also flattened by the strong winds. [21] All bridges in the island's interior regions collapsed,[22] and spice crops sustained heavy damage. New River, and 9 miles south of the Rio Hondo River (the border with Mexico) [54] Farther north, in Sonora, cotton crops damaged by Janet were estimated to amount to $12 million in damages. Maximum sustained winds on the south side of the island were estimated to be between 110–120 mph (180–190 km/h). [53] In Tampico, the river flooded neighborhoods, forcing cables to be stretched along roads to prevent people from being swept away. Where did hurricane Janet damage most? [47] Heavy rains in the Tampico, Tamaulipas area added to floods caused by hurricanes Gladys and Hilda earlier in the year. Winds of up to 175 miles an hour also crushed neighboring Chetumal, After moving inland, the hurricane became quickly disorganized due to the highly mountainous terrain of Mexico, and as a result the Weather Bureau issued its last advisory on Janet. Quays along the harbor entrance were also damaged. The storm hit Grenada with 115 mph. Hurricane Diane was one of three hurricanes to hit the North Carolina coast during the 1955 Atlantic hurricane season (Figure 1). [66], A U.S. Navy relief plane was sent to Chetumal, Mexico, to deliver food and other relief supplies after Janet struck the region. Topsoil loses were reported as heavy and some farmers estimated 50% of the soybean crop was lost in Juan. [51], Farther inland, as Janet dissipated over the mountainous central Mexico, the storm dropped torrential rainfall over the Tamisi and Panuco River basins. [67] In areas previously affected by hurricanes Gladys and Hilda earlier in the year, federal relief agencies were ordered to extend relief operations to the Yucatán Peninsula. At least $65.8 million in damages and 1,023 deaths were caused by the hurricane, mostly in Quintana Roo. On September 17th, 2019, at 12:45 PM Central Time, the Hurricane struck! standing. [46] Operations along a railroad stretching from Laredo, Texas to Mexico City were stopped, after having just reopened due to Hurricane Hilda. This topic includes photos, interviews, and text provided by two CCC Image courtesy of The National Archives: Hurricane Janet Article. Befuddled with sleep I could recognise the voice of the Commissioner of Police asking for Dr. O’Mahony. This remains the hurricane with the strongest winds upon landfall in Mexico, beating Patricia. Only five buildings in Chetumal, Mexico remained intact after the storm, and an estimated 500 deaths occurred in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. [14] Poorly constructed dwellings were blown apart by the strong winds. An additional 36,000 people were being cared for in concentration centers. The eleventh tropical storm, ninth hurricane, and fifth major hurricane of the year,[nb 1] Janet formed from a tropical wave east of the Lesser Antilles on September 21. Much of the damage across the region was due to a combination of storm tides and heavy rain. Modern Corozal lies two miles across the Corozal Bay from the mouth of the [54] According to some sources, 800 people died from the floods, with thousands more being stranded in the city. After bearing Puerto Rico, it lost half of it's speed. [45], Janet made its final landfall in the Mexican state of Veracruz between the cities of Nautla and Veracruz as a Category 2 hurricane at 2200 UTC on September 29. from 1886. in 1879, the Savings Bank built in 1881, and the Customs Bonded Warehouse Topics Environment However, damage outside of trees was primarily insignificant. Janet continued to intensify afterwards, eventually reaching its peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph (280 km/h),[4] with gale force winds having expanded to at least 250 mi (400 km) away from the center of the hurricane. The The NHA was responsible for the acquisition of lands on which houses could be built with stronger and more permanent materials, which was thought to minimize maintenance costs and hurricane-related damage. [9] An estimated 2,000 people were left homeless due to the hurricane. State officials are investigating how a barge came unmoored during Hurricane Sally and heavily damaged Three Mile Bridge across Pensacola Bay, Gov. [16] Sugar cane, the island country's main source of revenue, was severely damaged, with losses estimated to be in excess of $1 million. [36] Chetumal, Mexico was devastated, with only four buildings left standing. Hurricane Janet also caused extensive damage to crops, with an estimated $2.631 million in damages. [6] Evacuations took place in several coastal towns in Quintana Roo upon notification of the oncoming storm. and other debris. [nb 2] While Janet was in the central Caribbean Sea, a reconnaissance aircraft flew into the storm and was lost, with all eleven crew members believed to be perished. Weather Bureau and Civil Aeronautics Authority requested food and supplies for 82 people on the island after the storm passed. Hurricane Janet devastated Corozal Town on the 27th and 28th of September, Hurricane Janet devastated Corozal Town on the 27th and 28th of September, 1955. Fruit trees, maize, and sugar cane crops suffered the most damage. Though no official warnings were issued for areas of Central America, advisories published by the Weather Bureau cautioned interests in the hurricane's path up until landfall. Ron DeSantis said Thursday after surveying storm damage in Escambia and Santa Rosa counties. Similar to Corozal and Orange Walk Districts, corn, trees, and coconut experienced the most severe damage of any crop. [52] Tamazunchale was inundated by an overflowing Moctezuma River. 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