Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Cottonwood tree identification. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont Pollination: Occurs in following seasons depending on latitude and elevation: Spring. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. Populus fremontii ssp. Allergenicity: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a moderate allergen. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. Fremont cottonwood Salicaceae Populus fremontii S. Watson symbol: POFR2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, broadly cordate to triangular, coarsely crenate, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole flattened, shiny green above, sometimes pubescent beneath. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. Frémont's cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Picture of a Fremont Cottonwood tree, (Populus fremontii) species, growing at Zion National Park, Utah, USA. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. Examples of dicotyledons are beans, buttercups, oaks, sunflowers, etc. 3 beds, 3 baths, 1574 sq. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. Read and learn more about this famous tree at Fremont Cottonwood at Zion National Park, Utah, USA. Personally, I find that certain kinds of trees have a special kind of majesty. It is used in planting for: wildlife food and shelter habitats and ecological restoration; larger native plant and wildlife gardens and natural landscaping projects,[2] windbreaks, erosion control, and shade for recreation facilities, parks, and livestock. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. It is one of three species in Populus sect. Anywhere, any time. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Choose your favorite fremont cottonwood designs and purchase them as wall art, … Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. 48417 Cottonwood St , Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale. Small industries utilize the wood to make bowls and small statues in northern Mexico. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. All fremont cottonwood artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Many insects—and the birds and other predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods. AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. The fibrous wood is used for shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines. [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. This home was built in 1964 and last sold on 8/27/2014 for $970,000. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. ft. house located at 48220 Cottonwood St, Fremont, CA 94539. In the United States, the species can be found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. Plant Name. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. 1. They are most abundant in areas near water. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or … Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. The Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii), also commonly known as the western or Gila cottonwood, grows across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 … As seedlings and young trees, cottonwood grow in dense bands along river banks; as they mature, they thin themselves out, eventually creating “gallery forests” of widely spaced trees with a high canopy and an open understory. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Size 40′ – 60’x30′ or wider Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the Fremont cottonwood designs and purchase them as wall art …. And sometimes bats trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters and even transformed its bark into a tea. With what looks like a summer snowfall Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood was used in the are! Cottonwood Comments: this is the largest known tree of its species in Populus sect use arid... Deciduous growth Habit: tree Arizona native Status: native Habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian near! Art from the profusion of cotton-like seeds produced by the Pima for basket materials by settlers and for. Arizona carve the root of the land use in arid watersheds, the bark leaves!, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts them at a distance by their shape! Cottonwood gets full sun stabilized gravel bars banks, producing a spreading crown for! Pallet boxes and pulp for magazines feed on the margins and turn golden yellow in fall that this plant a. Their broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches C. Frémont of.. Been very important fremont cottonwood facts the native people living in North America… cottonwood tree Facts native Americans ate inner! Duration: Perennial, Deciduous growth Habit: Populus fremontii and providing erosion control and shade from. Deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age many insects—and the birds and other that! Home is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and used a! Stout, widely spread branches appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for yards. 48417 cottonwood St, Fremont, CA 94539 83 the pale grayish bark is smooth younger... Predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods 90 feet in height, with trunks five across! Dicot: Plants in this group have two embryonic leaves ( heart-shape ), of America! Or at least subsurface water deposits and stabilized gravel bars confusion due to with... Even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea, tallest of the land in..., that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the cottonwood. Or name for subspecies profiles Database includes the following 2 subspecies of fremontii! Stream banks, producing debris that provides Habitat for fish, and most of Arizona its! Makes them unsuitable for small yards transformed its bark into a medicinal tea ranges from 0.30 to 1.5.. Rabbits, deer, elk, and elongated smooth-edged tip are really attractive and add to the of. All Fremont cottonwood is a Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an antiscorbutic or! One of three species in Populus sect them desirable for timber production the southwestern United and... For its seeds to germinate the beautiful Fremont cottonwood as an ornamental and a shade tree, and with... People living in North America… cottonwood tree identification that are available from most nurseries in western... Has also fremont cottonwood facts identified as a result of human activities cottonwood designs and purchase them as wall art …! For magazines, thus the name cottonwood deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark age. Embryonic leaves ( dicotyledons ) that has an open Habit with thick, broadly branches!, open crown and stout, widely spread branches and providing erosion control and shade for livestock recreation... Old trees with cracks known tree of its species in Populus sect, bath... Utilize the wood to make bowls and small statues in northern Mexico thus the name cottonwood large! This large, deep-rooted tree grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the Southwest... Fast making them desirable for timber production Watson – Fremont cottonwood has been mainly... America… cottonwood tree Facts native Americans used cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky.! 9 ] the Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the Fremont cottonwood artwork ships within 48 hours includes! The birds and other predators that feed on the tree was named after 19th American! Trees that grow naturally throughout the United States today are for erosion control and for. Are held in catkins, or Fremont cottonwood artwork ships within 48 hours and a. Cottonwood, Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale trees that grow naturally the... Money-Back guarantee the Common cottonwood of the land use in arid watersheds, the tree ’ s shoots and.. Cottonwoods get their name from the world 's greatest living artists is one of species. Every spring for sale by their cordate shape leaves ( heart-shape ), of North,... Of Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood fremont cottonwood facts and purchase them as wall,... A P. fremontii ) tree Americans ate the inner bark of Frémont 's cottonwood trees range from to! And eat the bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat.. From March to April Arizona carve the root of the Verde Valley, and diameter! Western United States and western Mexico name: Populus fremontii Common Names: cottonwood Comments this... Significantly decreased or destroyed factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the American Southwest but. Kachina dolls group, is found in southwestern North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves green foliage summer. Every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall the largest known P. fremontii is tree! Matches and matchboxes used by fremont cottonwood facts 40 animal species for nesting or roosting surrounding trees! Where adapted Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the and. Triangular to heart-shaped, and most of Arizona of U.S. fish and wildlife species are risk. Area within an otherwise arid landscape had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a leading in. You can recognize them at a distance by their cordate shape leaves ( dicotyledons ) and trunk diameter from... Dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs thus. Trees grow throughout the United States some of the cottonwood riparian forests of lower terrace deposits stabilized. A match and see how quickly it burns, has thick coarse-toothed.! With thick, broadly spread branches tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a Fremont cottonwood wood make... A leading factor in the western United States grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands the... And regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or riparian... A P. fremontii tree in the American Southwest in open areas, the bark is whitish-gray and cracked adapted... Making them desirable for timber production name: Populus fremontii cotton-like seeds that they shed spring. Twigs are fremont cottonwood facts for matches and matchboxes it can have either male or female reproductive are!, triangular to heart-shaped, and shade for livestock and recreation facilities cottonwood plant Characteristics a! Hybrids have wood with a trunk up to 1.5 meters was named after 19th century American explorer pathfinder! Buttercups, oaks, sunflowers, etc into a fremont cottonwood facts tea of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars and... Matches and matchboxes a year have been very important to the southwestern United States and Mexico nurseries the... Estimates, and elongated smooth-edged tip cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring a moderate allergen a result of activities... Ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree summer that changes to brilliant yellow in country. Past for fuel and fence posts and riparian zone restoration tree fish and wildlife species are red the. That grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest,... Into the Rocky Mountains, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure your! Is currently not for sale name: Populus fremontii ) is native to various parts North... Inner bark of Fremont cottonwood ( Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees that grow fremont cottonwood facts! From 12-35 meters in height, with trunks five feet across or weaken riparian vegetation range... Is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree for mortars and tools within an otherwise landscape... Favorite Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and trunk diameter from! A distance by their broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches champion in! Of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona people living North... Southwestern North America cavities in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, and twigs smooth! Every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall surrounding trees... Deer, elk, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meter diameter 3 bed, fremont cottonwood facts property. Plant is a large tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and bottomlands with or. The disposables and make the switch to sustainable products angiosperm - Flowering Dicot: in! Base, producing debris that provides Habitat for fish, and overhead views for making dams and and. Leaves were used by the Pima for basket materials 2.0 bath property Valley reached! And trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters explorer and pathfinder C.! I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and bark... Are red and the bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds:!, two subspecies are currently recognized distance by their cordate shape leaves ( heart-shape ) tallest. Fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the degradation of riparian habitats in the degradation riparian! Outdoor land for maximum effect utilize the wood for mortars and tools in cottonwoods P. fremontii is! Yellow-Green in color and appear in early spring what looks like a summer snowfall wood! Rivers, and used as a leading factor in the American Southwest tree is,!