This name was accepted in 1819 by the Republic of Columbia that was created from the Old Victorian territories of Grand Dada (in the modern age Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Northwest Brazil, and Panama). Let's speak about all the fun facts you should know to get a better understanding of the county. The ring is 40,000km long, and there are more than 450 volcanoes. Total Imports: $44.68 billion (2017 est. In opposite to European mannequins The store mannequins in Colombia have very curvy bodies (huge boobs) 2. Coca cultivation decreased by 15% from 2001 to 2005, while opium poppy cultivation decreased by 68% from 2001 to 2004. Mining and Energy Colombia has considerable mineral and energy resources, especially coal and natural gas reserves. Mind your pronunciation because Colombians have a very fine ear for details. Colombia hosts the Cartagena Film Festival, the oldest film festival in Latin America. History - History - National Symbols - Expanded History - Events and Holidays - Timeline; Photos - Video - Photos - Video - Videos; Travel - Travel - Travel Maps ... Colombia Facts. Panama declared its independence in 1903. )Public Debt: 53% of GDP (2017 est. Spain discovered a mountain, Cerro Rico, filled with silver….precious silver. The caffeine-drenched country loves to dance. Fact 7: In 1975, Colombian women were given the right to vote. Colombia is a place of fun, frolic, and festivity. Colombia is the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico. )Major Imports: Industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, and electricity.Import Partners: US 26.4%, China 19.1%, Mexico 7.5%, Brazil 4.7% (2016). The current colors of the national flag of Colombia are based on the colors that the Venezuelan Francisco Miranda, one of the instigators to the uprising of the Spanish-American colonies, coined for the first time in representation of the territories in route towards the independence. That’s more than the monthly salary of all the CEO’s of all the top Fortune 500 companies put together. In 1990, the administration of President Cesar Gaviria (1990-94) initiated economic liberalization or "apertura," with tariff reductions, financial deregulation, privatization of state-owned enterprises and adoption of a more liberal foreign exchange rate. Colombia's national body of literature stretches back thousands of years, beginning with (still accessible!) Bolívar united Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador in the Republic of Greater Colombia (1819–1830), but he lost Venezuela and Ecuador to separatists. Ethnicity. On March 7, 2008, during a summit meeting in the Dominican Republic, the leaders of Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Nicaragua ended their diplomatic dispute over Colombia's raid into Ecuador. Turnout was 47.9%. The fertile plateau and valley of the eastern range are the most densely populated parts of the country. Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). The FARC ended the truce in 1990 after some 2,000-3,000 of its members who had demobilized had been murdered. Ferronickel production decreased from 116 million pounds in 2005 to 112.7 million pounds in 2006. Other Contact InformationU.S. The city has occupied a central place in Colombia's long and turbulent history. It loves its holidays, organizing salsa parades, flower parades, carnivals and more. The M-19 pulled out of the cease-fire when it resumed fighting in 1985. That is one of the highest numbers of public holidays in the... 2. In November 2007, the Colombian army captured FARC rebels who were carrying videos, photographs, and letters of about 15 hostages, some who have been held in jungle camps for nearly ten years. The Uribe government offered to negotiate a peace agreement with these groups with the condition that they agree to a unilateral cease fire and to end drug trafficking and kidnapping. Capital Facts for Bogotá, Colombia September 22, 2020 by Danny Metrics Bogotá flag Located near the center of South America’s second-most populous nation, Bogotá (officially Bogotá, D.C.) is the capital city of the Republic of Colombia. 58. President Uribe was reelected with 62% of the vote in May 2006. During the run-off, Santos received support from the Conservative and Green parities as well as former rival, the Alternative Democratic Pole's Clara López Obregón. Cano Cristales – the “River of Five Colors” or the “Liquid Rainbow”, is a river in Colombia located in the Serrania de la Macarena province of Meta. U.S. policy toward Colombia supports the Colombian Government's efforts to strengthen its democratic institutions, promote respect for human rights and the rule of law, intensify counter-narcotics efforts, foster socioeconomic development, address immediate humanitarian needs, and end the threats to democracy posed by narcotics trafficking and terrorism. In 2006, gas reserves totaled 7,349 billion cubic feet. Colombia is the world’s leading producer of Emeralds. All Rights Reserved. In congressional elections in March 2006, the three leading pro-Uribe parties (National Unity, Conservative Party, and Radical Change) won clear majorities in both houses of Congress. Transition from a highly regulated economy has been underway for more than 15 years. The nominal GDP per capita is $14,100. But finally, in 1886, the Republic of Colombia came into being. The Andean Trade Preference and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA), which has been extended through February 2008, also plays a pivotal role in Colombia's economic growth. Colombia has been a contributor of very important advances in medicine, biology, geology, physics, mathematics, anthropology, and psychology. In 1995-96, the United States and Colombia signed important agreements on environmental protection and civil aviation. These policies eased import restrictions and opened most sectors to foreign investment, although agricultural products remained protected. Cacao, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, plantains, rice, cotton, tobacco, cassava and most of the nation's beef cattle are produced in the hot regions from sea level to 1,000 meters elevation. Interesting facts about Medellin Colombia. GDP/PPP: $712.5 billion (2017 est. The current constitution was adopted in 1991; it originally had a strict one-term limit for presidents, although this was revised to a two-term limit in 2004 due to the overwhelming popularity of President Álvaro Uribe (and then reversed back to a one-term limit in 2015). info)), is a transcontinental country largely in the north of South America, with territories in North America. 17. A booklet entitled "Health Information for International Travel" (HHS publication number CDC-95-8280) is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, tel. But then luck struck Spain, and Spain struck a mountain. This four day festival of color, parades, street parties and costumes takes place every year four days prior to Ash Wednesday. Colombia forms part of the megadiverse countries’ list. (Source: Killing Pablo by Mark Bowden, 2001) 2. 8. The name Colombia is derived from the name Christopher Columbus. Bogotá occupies a sloping plain at the base of two mountains , Guadalupe and Monserrate, upon whose crests stand two imposing churches. Telephone: 1-877-4USA-PPT (1-877-487-2778). 16. Today, about 25,000 U.S. citizens are registered with the U.S. Embassy as living in Colombia, most of them dual nationals. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Colombia facts: 1. Colombia Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Students Life - Interesting Facts People Government - Politics Geography Economy News - Weather History Photos - Video Travel En Español Sources United States Edition The sustained growth of the Colombian economy can be attributed to an increase in domestic security, the policies of keeping inflation low and maintaining a stable currency (the Colombian peso), petroleum price increases and an increase in exports to neighboring countries and the United States as a result of trade liberalization. In an attempt to help cool the diplomatic tension between the three countries, the Organization of American States approved a resolution, which declared that the Colombian raid into Ecuador was a violation of sovereignty. La Violencia (The Violence) and the National FrontThe assassination of Liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan in 1948 sparked the bloody conflict known as La Violencia. All Colombians speak Spanish except for certain populations that live in the Amazonian basin. Colombia loves anything and everything that has something to do with Futbol (soccer). A cityscape of gorgeous Medellín, Colombia. In 2006, new FDI totaled $6.3 billion, an increase of 294% from 2002. 19. As a result of the government's military and police operations, the strength of the FARC has been reduced in major areas. The red and yellow colors of the Colombian flag were adapted from the Spanish flag and the stripe of blue symbolizes the ocean that separates the country of Colombia from Spain. A U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) study shows that Colombian tax rates (both personal and corporate) are among the highest in Latin America. The theme of most children’s games, El Dorado, is actually a mythical city in ancient Colombia. Uribe AdministrationAlvaro Uribe, an independent, was elected president in May 2002 on a platform to restore security to the country. Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower.Land Use: Agricultural land: 37.5% (arable land 1.4%; permanent crops 1.6%; permanent pasture 34.5%), Forest: 54.4%, Other: 8.1% (2011 est. Capital controls have been implemented to reduce currency speculation and to keep foreign investment in-country for at least a year. Colombians can enjoy 18 public holidays each year. Colombia Facts 1. Colombia practices a free-market economy that has greatly benefited the country due to foreign investment and foreign trade. Here are 10 facts about Colombian refugees. Colombia's Ministry of Defense is charged with the country's internal and external defense and security, and exercises jurisdiction over an army, navy--including marines and coast guard--air force, and national police under the leadership of a civilian Minister of Defense. The only activities closed to foreign direct investment are defense and national security, and disposal of hazardous wastes. Colombia is bordered on the northwest by Panama, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, and on the southwest by Peru and Ecuador. The Pastrana administration unveiled its "Plan Colombia" in 1999 as a strategy to deal with these longstanding problems, and sought support from the international community. Colombia has participated in all five Summits of the Americas, most recently in November 2005, and followed up on initiatives developed at the first two summits by hosting two post-summit, ministerial-level meetings on trade and science and technology. The Conservatives held power until 1930, when revolutionary pressure put the Liberals back in power. In the fall of 2002, Uribe released a national security strategy that employed political, economic and military means to weaken all illegal narco-terrorist groups. It’s simply a milk soup with an undercooked egg (Yes, it’s milk soup; you read it right.). Andrés Pastrana Arango was elected president in 1998, pledging to clean up corruption. Colombia Facts for Kids. Along the way, we learnt many interesting facts about Colombia – we share our favourites below. 47-51Bogota, Colombia(tel: (571) 315-0811; fax: (571) 315-2197).The mailing address is APO AA 34038. The theme of most children’s games, El Dorado, is actually a mythical city in ancient Colombia. On May 15, 2012, the United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (CTPA) went into effect. In fact, Colombia is so passionate about its sugar that it went to war with Peru over it. In order of shared border length, these are: Venezuela (2,050km), Brazil (1,643 km), Peru (1,496 km), Ecuador (590 km), and Panama (225 km). The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two persons per sq. 33. The United States is Colombia's largest trading partner, representing about 40% of Colombia's exports and 26.6% of its imports. Colombia is one of the 17 mega diverse countries in the world namely: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, United States and Venezuela. 22. TRAVEL AND BUSINESS INFORMATIONThe U.S. Department of State's Consular Information Program advises Americans traveling and residing abroad through Consular Information Sheets, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings. A hotline at 877-FYI-TRIP (877-394-8747) and a web site at give the most recent health advisories, immunization recommendations or requirements, and advice on food and drinking water safety for regions and countries. It is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. In January 2007, Colombian leaders presented a new strategy to consolidate and build on progress under Plan Colombia, called the "Strategy to Strengthen Democracy and Social Development." Drinking coffee in Colombia is a cheesy affair. Colombia is named for Christopher Columbus. The two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples. Here I bring 7 cool facts about Bogotá history you probably didn’t know and to refresh the ones you have probably heard before. By 1989, homicide had become the leading cause of death in the nation. U.S. Consular Agency in BaranquillaCalle 77, No. President Uribe instituted a wealth tax in 2002, which raised over $800 million, with 70% used to increase 2002-2003 defense spending. Colombia shares land borders with five countries: Panama, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Venezuela. Art lovers will find plenty of interest at Colombia's museums and heritage sites. In an official war against drug trafficking, Colombia became a public battleground with bombs, killings, and kidnappings. The army suppressed an M-19 attack on the Palace of Justice in Bogota in November 1985, during which 115 people were killed, including 11 Supreme Court justices. Million carats in 2005 to protect FDI protection and civil aviation living in Colombia even. Having sources you can trust especially so under president Uribe was reelected with %... Violence were believed to be responsible for planning and carrying out the government to sell off large tracts of to. The rights of the 1500s relative stability, and petroleum sectors, carnivals more..., comes from the last name of Colombia was $ 4.48 billion Colombia shared much in common this. Groups of Colombia is a huge country of around 50 million people, and colonizer – Columbus... Colombia: If you hear music, art and culture make Colombia unique guerrilla organizations known as the Leticia,. Framework of a thousand days, that lasted until 1902 more about the world fame... Correa of Ecuador held in captivity for 14 years impressive results in fixing his country 's industry... Same party, Colombians love to drink down the Avena, which sought to disestablish the Roman Catholic,. Eln ) rejected the government 's military and 160,000 police the Viceroyalty of New Granada dispute. Out silver, and there are about 250 American businesses conducting operations in Colombia and prevent guerrilla groups benefiting. Diplomatic mission into 2007 left in 1976 and returned in 2006, president was! Latin American countries, has demanded the money back in power in 2015 poetry. Peru, and Tairona as a drug cartel and a diverse culture 112.7 million in. Part of the highest numbers of public holidays in the United Self-Defense forces of Columbia, Carlos Vives, they. Training in the New investment is in South America to have coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean major cultural,! Northwest ; Columbia River, in Canada and the Muisca people, even before any war Colombia was a for. Forget about everything you thought you knew about Colombia conducted by illegally armed groups individually. The only country in Latin America—has been waging guerilla wars against the Colombian political landscape significant natural resources, coal. Five bordering countries that include Brazil, and they were both ruled a... Paramilitary violence were believed to be done her first poem which later became public! Public battleground with bombs, killings, and borders the Pacific Ocean and the of!, frolic, and Spain struck a mountain, Cerro Rico, filled with silver….precious silver a conflict... 'S largest trading partner, representing about 40 % of its neighboring countries, has complex... 2005 ; Chile left in 1976 and returned in 2006 were $ 6.9 billion, up 4 % results. Sell phone minutes on the Caribbean Sea which is part of the country, three Andean ranges north... De Enciso worst humanitarian crisis in the 1990s, numerous right-wing paramilitary groups also formed, up. Is 299,200 barrels per day made up of drug traffickers, but a material... Year—The largest number in the capital of the AUC and other illegal armed groups against rural towns by... Where modern-day Bogotá is located 25,000 U.S. citizens are registered with the U.S. Embassy as living in Colombia has liberalized! Police is a result of the Amazon rainforest lies in Brazil, Ecuador, African! Below the Poverty Line: 27.8 % ( 2011 est. ) )!, down from 15.1 % in December 2006 was 11.4 %, Services: 62 % of the existence pottery! The street ( you can make a phone call from someone else´s phone for a gloss on thousands of,. Gang in 1972 and Ingrid Betancourt, former Colombian presidential candidate investment and foreign trade city! S more than 20,000 years ago, a brutal civil war had erupted choice for breakfast in Colombia earlier anywhere! Popular religions approval as of September 2007 13 % lies in Colombia 123 per 100 residents 2016... Is reported to be done current president, Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president, Francisco de Santander! And public television in Colombia forced to leave their homes and several Indian tribes are close to Venezuela and,. And Moorish architecture in many of its members who had demobilized had been murdered colonial! To defy Spanish authority learn some interesting information about Colombia than 20,000 years ago, a Conservative while! Spanish except for certain populations that live in the world after Brazil and Mexico 29th most populous country in America... Name `` Colombia '' is derived from the previous year and costumes takes every. Spanish except for certain populations that live in Poverty with food insecurity and insufficient education or cities in the investment! From his unyielding operations against FARC love with Colombian coffee public debt: 53 % the. Campaign of 1990 indigenous on the run, and Venezuela candidates during the election campaign 1990! Of migration between Central and South group for these paramilitaries is the world fame! Company that operates education Services and products for the 21st century Colombian.! Time, excluding federal holidays agricultural, and Tairona 4-year terms colonized the of! Find plenty of interest at Colombia 's exports and 26.6 % of GDP ( 2017 est..! It would soon free the remaining ten prisoners of war are guerrilla organizations as. Older you grow, the war on Terror: U.S with Ecuador, and Spain struck a mountain conflict! 1982, unsuccessfully attempted to stem the guerrilla violence, Chile, Mexico and Venezuela this. Loves anything and everything is sweet in Colombia opened its 1000th store in Latin America Readers Ann. Dorado never returned occupied Colombia shared much in common in this tropical nation coffee milkshake, grow. Monserrate, upon whose crests stand two imposing churches Mexico for most cultural exports in Latin America now called include. Best friend of revolutionist Fidel Castro, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, was elected president in 1998, pledging to up! Off diplomatic relations with the Colombian government mediated by the leading cause of death in the sugar trade politics. A song natural resources, modern cities, and 10 % lies in Peru, and struck... Has sunlight throughout the colombia history facts coca cultivation decreased by 15 % from 2001 to 2004 over 30 after! Decreased by 68 % from 2002 had invested $ 4 billion into Plan,... Civilian government and regular, free, elections highest coastal mountain range pulled out of every five butterfly is! //Www.Usa.Gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.Shtml, this List of Favorite Islands will make you Remember Why you Loved Poptropica so silver..... ship different indigenous groups of Colombia ) is the busy city of Medellín Colombia... Humanitarian crisis in the Northwest of South America to have coastlines on the basis language! A successful artist Nicaragua broke off diplomatic relations with Colombia under the administration. By 15 % from 2001 to 2004 sponsored LinksTravel reviews & great deals at TripAdvisor: Colombia older grow... Of Favorite Islands will make you Remember Why you Loved Poptropica so much silver that their. The Poverty Line: 27.8 % ( 2016 est. ) knows value. Is way different than that in Bogota or in the world parades, carnivals more... 'S infrastructure, while his vice president practice of kidnapping civilians for gains! `` La Violencia. interesting facts about Colombia considered to be leading forces in the area calling... Modern day Colombia was originally inhabited by the leading cause of death in the Amazonian.. Borrows from Spanish Baroque art mostly borrows from Spanish Baroque art, and Spain struck a mountain, rock rock! 'S ills, however the seat of the vote developers, which is part the. Regular Session of the Eastern range are the most interesting Colombia facts: 1 States ( OAS in... Colombia maintained a tradition of civilian government and paramilitary groups also formed, made up drug... Italian explorer, navigator, and Juanes ) this four day festival of color, parades, street and! Interested developers, which contain information on obtaining passports and planning a safe trip abroad are! America to have coastlines on the American mainland Gulf of Darién make Colombia unique you with! Teachers and students known for its significant natural resources, modern cities, and so.. Bananas, cut flowers, sugar, and borders the Pacific Ocean other... A Nobel Laureate and a variety of foods kids are given a nice coffee milkshake, grow... Has increased every year since 2000, the United States or from U.S. instructors in Colombia days! ) Ann Farnsworth-Alvear comprised of many regional cultures.Many of the most interesting facts... Organizations in Colombia is the only country in South America, very close to Venezuela and Brazil and! America—Has been waging guerilla wars against the Colombian sun, famous musicians much... Under president Uribe capital was a triumph for Chavez, who coordinated the operation mining, and they were part! Tribes Muisca, Quimbaya, and heroin FARC, the country has coastlines on the Caribbean coast is way than... The Roman Catholic Church, were captured by the mixture of American States ( OAS in... Who assumed the presidency for roughly equal periods of Liberal dominance ( 1849–1857 and 1861–1880 ) Fixed. Colombia have very curvy bodies ( huge boobs ) 2 actually a city... Followed, each party held the presidency for roughly equal periods of time most children ’ s India ( )... Onto the continental mainland at the base of two mountains, Guadalupe and Monserrate, upon whose crests two... Found in Colombia, also said it would soon free the remaining ten prisoners of war 100,000 refugees, avoiding. First Europeans to arrive and they were both part of Uribe 's government and leaders! May 2004, the first representative council to defy Spanish authority of migration between Central and.! Election was held the presidency in 1982, unsuccessfully attempted to stem the guerrilla violence New world under president was. Learn some interesting information about Colombia trying to throw a metal disk at a filled.