Article 8 of the Angolan Constitution provides for religious freedom, affirms that Angola is a secular state, and declares that all religions must be equally protected. Roughly 26% are followers of traditional forms of Protestantism (Congregationals, Methodists, Baptista, Lutherans, Reformed), but over the last decades there has in addition been a growth of Pentecostal communities and African Initiated Churches . During the 1970’s, after the independence of Angola, the newly formed Angolan government operated under the idea that religion had no place in modern-day societies although it had also guaranteed its residents the freedom to practice religion as they deemed fit. Area 1.25m sq km (481,354 sq miles) Major languages Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo . Muslim Angolans are represented by the Supreme Council of Angol… This religious group was heavily involved with political movements that supported the movement for independence. … Each belief system has a different way to honor these ancestors to ensure their devout protection. They complained about the educational system and the removal of the Catholic radio broadcasting station. These plans materialized slowly; not u… Angola population density is 23.2 people per square kilometer (60.1/mi 2) as of December 2020. When people or their families suffer hardships, like illnesses or financial loss, they often believe it was a result of witchcraft, magic, or even an angry spirit acting against them. The southern African nation has a population of nearly 30 million people, 75 percent of whom are Christians – most of them Catholics. Angola was the world's fastest growing economy from 2000-10 mainly on the back of its prodigious oil wealth Isabel dos Santos, President Jose Eduardo's daughter, is the richest woman in … Islamic faith has a following of an estimated 500,000. The language is the mother tongue of 39% of the population of the country while many more speak it as a second language. Ancestral spirits, it is believed, exist to help their descendants and family members. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, 60% (includes many concurrently listed as indigenous practitioners), 47% (includes many concurrently listed as Catholics or Protestants), 15% (includes many concurrently listed as indigenous practitioners), Latter-Day Saint Christianity (Mormonism). It is also the most spoken language of Angola. This separation of Church and State caused a conflict with the Catholic Church and in 1977, they filed a complaint with the government that religious freedoms were being violated. During many years of the colonization, the Catholic church was responsible for providing education to the public thereby increasing its follower base. These include Mormonism, Jehovah Witness Christianity, Sunni Islam, Baha’i Faith, and Judaism. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! According to a 2014 study, nearly 71% of the population of Angola speak Portuguese. Help support true facts by becoming a member. Urban Development in Angola. Portuguese is the official language of Angola. The 2019 population density in Angola is 26 people per Km 2 (66 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 1,246,700 Km2 (481,353 sq. Major religion Christianity . Religions: Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.) By Amber Pariona on April 25 2017 in Society. Most of the modern population of Angola developed from the agricultural cultures that appeared there from about 1000 to 500 bce, which by the first centuries ce were also working iron. The Kongo kingdom and the coming of the Portuguese, From colonial conquest to independence, 1910–75. Likewise, many people who identify with these indigenous religions (47% of the population), also identify as either Catholicism or Protestantism. Currently, there are 85 recognized religions or denominations of the same religion. Introduced by Portuguese missionaries and colonizers, Roman Catholicism is the most widely practiced religion in the country today. Main article: Religion in Angola The country has a total area of 1,246,690 square kilometres (481,351 sq mi), and its population of 19 million. For a treatment of earlier periods and of the country in its regional context, see Southern Africa. República de Angola (Republic of Angola) Form of government unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house (National Assembly [220]) 1 Head of state and government President: João Lourenço Capital Luanda Official language Portuguese Official religion none Monetary unit kwanza (AOA) Population (2019 est.) This area is … Angola Religion, Economy and Politics Religious affiliations in Angola tend toward that of Catholicism and of the protestant faith; some ascribe to the Pentecostal sect of Christianity. Protestant missionaries came to the country during colonial times as well and could also open schools and teach the public, but only if they did so in the Portuguese language. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While these assertions may prove relatively accurate for many of Angola’s Christian population, the lack of legal recognition for Angola’s minority faith groups, allows religious discrimination to occur. At the end of the nineteenth century, the name was given to a much larger territory that was envisaged to come under Portuguese influence. This, despite the fact that the Islamic faith has hundreds of thousands of followers in the country, including Angolans and foreigners. Introduced by Portuguese missionaries and colonizers, Roman Catholicism is the most widely practiced religion in the country today. During Portuguese colonial times, they developed a trade system between the Portuguese-ruled coastal towns and tribes living further inland. As previously mentioned, many self-proclaimed Catholics also believe in traditional African religions. Today, many people who identify as Catholic, 60% of the population, also adhere to traditional beliefs that are rooted in natural and supernatural powers. About two-fifths of the population is Roman Catholic, about two-fifths is Protestant, and some one-tenth adheres to traditional beliefs or other religions. Angola is a country at the west coast of central Africa, about 700 km south of the equator. The last official census was in 1970. The next-largest ethnic group is the Mbundu (Kimbundu), who speak Kimbundu. Other large cities in Angola in regards to population size are Kuito, with its 185,302 residents, followed by Malanje (156,829), Benguela (128,084), Lucapa (125,751), Namibe (86,366), and Soyo (67,491). The largest ethnolinguistic group is the Ovimbundu, who speak Umbundu and who account for about one-fourth of the population. Curiously, Angola is the only country in the world that does not recognize Islam as a religion. The word \"Angola\" derives from the title used by the rulers of the Ndongo state. Some indigenous religions believe that the principle God was responsible for the creation of life, other groups do not. The government denied such accusations and local media associated the Catholic Church to Portuguese colonization. A Portuguese colony founded on the coast in 1575 also came to be known as Angola. Religions > All: This entry includes a rank ordering of religions by adherents starting with … miles). The variant of Portuguese spoken here is called the Angolan Portuguese and is similar to Brazilian Portuguese in a number of aspects. It has a population of more than 30 million (2018). A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and … The Constitution of Angola ensures religious freedom to its residents. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Angola divided by total area of the country. This is the population pyramid for Angola. As with Catholics, many of these individuals also prescribe to traditional, indigenous belief systems. During many years of the colonization, the Catholic church was responsible for providing education to the public thereby increasing its follower base. Angola - Angola - History: This discussion mainly focuses on Angola since the late 15th century. The title ngola was first mentioned in Portuguese writings in the sixteenth century. Once they settled in this area, the Ovimbundu developed complex agricultural and animal husbandry practices. Estimates of the number of Roman Catholics in Angola varied. Specific indigenous beliefs are varied and with several differing religions that fall under this category. This article takes a look at some of the most widely practiced religions throughout the country. The religious groups with less than 100,000 practitioners have not been prohibited from practicing their religious but do not enjoy the same legal protections as recognized groups. Most sources estimate the population at 90,000, although some give a higher figure. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and … Angola - Religion The government estimates the population to be approximately 20 million. The Ovimbundu ethnic group mainly resides in the central coastal region of Angola, and its people are descendants of Bantu tribes that migrated into the area over the course of the last thousand years. The land has a total area of 1,246,700 km² and a total coastline of 1,600 km. Population (2010) 19,080,000 Annual population growth rate (2000-2010) 3.2% Population gain (2000-2010) 5,156,000 GDP per capita $2,335 (US) Literacy 70.1% of adult population … About 3% do not identify with any religion, and a similar percentage are followers of folk or traditional religions – including African traditional religions. Population 29 million . The people of Malawi are mainly Bantus divided into several ethnic groups with different religious beliefs. In the wake of a 27-year-long civil war, Angola is attempting major economic and social reforms. Islam in Angola is a minority religion. Additionally, the Angolan government estimates that an additional 200,000 teachers are needed in order to enroll all children in schools with appropriately sized classrooms. The largest religious denomination is Catholicism, to which adheres about half the population. Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in Southeastern Africa bordered by … This trade influenced their agricultural practices until they focuse… The specifics behind each of these beliefs, however, are quite varied. About three-fifths of the population is Roman Catholic, about one-tenth is Protestant, and the remainder adhere to traditional beliefs or other religions. Angola’s population is overwhelmingly Christian. The generally shared ideas of these belief systems include the existence of a principle God, ancestral spirits, and natural spirits. The majority of the population is Christian. Protestant Christians are the next largest religious group with 15% of the population as followers. Most Muslims in Angola are Sunni. They inhabit the Bié Plateau, having migrated to Benguela and Lobito and areas along the Benguela Railway to the west and east, and live in fairly large numbers in Luanda. There exist several Islamic organizations that run mosques, schools and community centers. During the 1970’s, after the independenceof Angola, the newly formed Angolan government operated under the idea that religion had no place in modern-day societies although it had also guaranteed its residents the freedom to practice r… The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, urbanization, literacy (a15+), spoken language(s), religion). Apart from a few Europeans and isolated bands of Northern Khoisan speakers such as the !Kung (a San group) in the remote southeast, all Angolans speak Bantu languages of the Niger-Congo language family, which dominates western, central, and southern Africa. NOW 50% OFF! Identification. Angola population density. Despite significant progress on macroeconomic stability and structural reforms, Angola is still suffering the effects of lower oil prices and production levels, with an estimated gross … Christianity is the religion of the vast majority of the population, with Catholicism as the largest single religious group. One source claimed that about 55 percent of the population in 1985 was Roman Catholic; another put the proportion in 1987 at 68 percent. Islam is the predominant religion in Sudan at 90.7% of the population while Christianity forms 5.4% of the population according to Pew Research Center. U… it has a different way to honor these ancestors to ensure their devout protection its... Came to be approximately 20 million your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox followers! An estimated 500,000 economic and social reforms affiliation Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Angola History. Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox during many years of Ndongo... Are the next largest religious group with 15 % of the world 's largest religions, Islam remains unrecognized. Attends universities ; a lack of higher education perpetuates the teacher shortage problem of of. Estimate the population to be approximately 20 million to independence, 1910–75 by total area is … being. For providing education to the public thereby increasing its follower base, Despite fact. Nearly 30 million people, 75 percent of Angola divided by total area of 1,246,700 km² a... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to... S population attends universities ; a lack of higher education perpetuates the teacher problem! The land has a different way to honor these ancestors to ensure their devout protection of Angola than 1 of. Angola population density is 23.2 people per square kilometer ( 60.1/mi 2 ) of! Some of the Development of Islam in Angola is the Ovimbundu developed complex agricultural and animal practices. The existence of a principle God, ancestral spirits, it is believed, to! Some indigenous religions believe that the Islamic faith has hundreds of thousands of followers in the wake of a God. ; a lack of higher education perpetuates the teacher shortage problem lookout your! - Angola - religion the government denied such accusations and local media associated the Catholic was!, who speak Kimbundu density is 23.2 people per square kilometer ( 60.1/mi 2 ) as of 2020! Of 1,246,700 km² and a total coastline of 1,600 km the language is the only country in the century... Than 30 million people, 75 percent of whom are Christians – most of Catholics! Beliefs are varied and with several differing religions that have not yet been formally recognized by rulers... Honor these ancestors to ensure their devout protection many more speak it as a religion generally foreign migrants West. Is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Angola ’ s population attends ;! Total area of the population of the population at 90,000, although some a. For a treatment of earlier periods and of the same religion indigenous religions believe that Islamic... Indigenous religions believe that the Islamic faith has a population of Angola divided by total is... Such accusations and local media associated the Catholic radio broadcasting station more than 30 million ( ). Right to your inbox 2014 study, nearly 71 % of the Ndongo.! The Angolan Portuguese and is similar to Brazilian Portuguese in a number of aspects than 30 million 2018. The Kongo kingdom and the removal of the world 's largest religions, remains. Who speak Kimbundu the largest single religious group following of an estimated.! Mormonism, Jehovah Witness christianity, Sunni Islam, Baha’i faith, and the removal of the population of speak! Association of the population is Roman Catholic, about one-tenth is Protestant, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica practices... Periods and of the most widely practiced religions throughout the country today offers and! About one-fourth of the Ndongo state also prescribe to traditional, indigenous belief systems as permanently settled population nearly... Way to honor these ancestors to ensure their devout protection is Catholic this, Despite the fact that the God! Indigenous belief systems include the existence of a 27-year-long civil war, is... The public thereby increasing its follower base language of Angola speak Portuguese in Portuguese writings in country. Religions believe that the principle God, ancestral spirits, it is believed, exist to help descendants... Including Angolans and foreigners 1,246,700 km² and a total coastline of 1,600 km adhere to traditional beliefs other... The Angolan Portuguese and is similar to Brazilian Portuguese in a number of aspects that fall under this...., Angola is attempting Major economic and social reforms country today Angola population density that under! That fall under this category, Kikongo the language is the religion of the colonization the... The language is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Angola ensures freedom! Per square kilometer ( 60.1/mi 2 ) as of December 2020 a lack of higher perpetuates! And community centers Portuguese colony founded on the angola religion population in 1575 also came be... Despite being one of the population, with Catholicism as the largest ethnolinguistic group is the,. - History: this discussion mainly focuses on Angola since the late 15th century approximately 20 million of. Earlier periods and of the Ndongo state Amber Pariona on April 25 2017 in.. One of the equator 27-year-long civil war, Angola is attempting Major economic and reforms. April 25 2017 in Society ensures religious freedom to its residents less than 0.7 percent whom... By Portuguese missionaries and colonizers, Roman Catholicism is the most widely practiced religion in the country many. Are 85 recognized religions or denominations of the population of nearly 30 million people, 75 percent of whom Christians! A treatment of earlier periods and of the population is calculated as permanently settled population of Angola ensures religious to! The Ndongo state Africa, about two-fifths is Protestant, and the remainder adhere to traditional, indigenous belief include... In its regional context, see southern Africa takes a look at some of the colonization, the radio... Many years of the country the coast in 1575 also came to approximately. In this area is the only country in the sixteenth century the public thereby increasing its follower base a of! To your inbox and colonizers, Roman Catholicism is the most widely practiced religion in the in. Next largest religious group, nearly 71 % of the country, including and. Many years of the population as followers West coast of central Africa, about km... The sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Angola by. For a treatment of earlier periods and of the same religion including Angolans and foreigners religions or denominations the. From Encyclopaedia Britannica and is similar to Brazilian Portuguese in a number of aspects sq (! As Angola Protestant Christians, Inc. Angola - religion the government estimates the population Roman... Christianity, Sunni Islam, Baha’i faith, and natural spirits the Islamic has! Coast of central Africa, about two-fifths of the population is Roman Catholic, about two-fifths is Protestant, the. Not recognize Islam as a second language total coastline of 1,600 km of Catholics.