The Wisconsin DNR maintains records on the largest trees in the state. Common leaf identification shapes include ovate (egg shaped), lanceolate (long and narrow), deltoid (triangular), obicular (round) and cordate (heart shaped). Leaves of the Norway maple are dark green and 4 to 7 inches long. Leaves: The Norway Maples leaves are very different than those of the Red Maple. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. The 3 to 5-inch petioles often have leaf-like stipules at the base which obscure the lateral buds. We call them champion trees. In some areas it can be invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting. The leaves are also a bright green towards the top,andpale green down to the bottom.These leaves turn bright yellow, orange or red in the fall. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. These leaves are 5 lobed and 4-7 inches wide. Twigs: Winter buds are egg-shaped, with pointed tips and hairy, overlapping reddish-brown scales. Considered a major forest tree in Wisconsin, the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is one of the largest and most important hardwood trees in the country. The rapid-growing, medium-sized Norway maple (Acer platanoides) normally reaches heights of 40 to 60 feet and may be wider than tall when fully grown. More about Norway Maples [leave site]» Acer plantanoids. At first the twigs are green but later in the year they turn a red. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. The twigs are smooth (glabrous) and reddish-brown in color. Summer foliage is medium-green and leaves are 2 to 4 inches long. A milky sap pours from the stalk if it is broken. The sinuses (division between the lobes) are rounded. – A tree identification guide developed by the Arbor Day Foundation. ... safety and beauty of your trees. Most of the Red Maple leaves are a light or a pale green to a whitish. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. The species makes an excellent suburban or rural landscape tree in acid soil regions of the state. It consists of a pair of winged seeds, or key, with wings 1—2 inches long on slender, flexible stems about an inch long. Welcome to the Wisconsin A-Z native species list. Search for your leaf in a tree field guide. There is also the palm-shaped maple leaf and the lobed oak leaf, two of our most recognizable leaf shapes. P.O. Identifying Sugar Maples by their Fruit Pick one of the small fruit. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. But using a tree twig key means learning a twig's botanical parts. Flowers are borne in April or May. Norway maples are tolerant of urban conditions and are often found in parks and lining the streets of Wisconsin. The sugar maple tree is also a state symbol of New York, Vermont, and West Virginia. Fall foliage color is yellow for the green-foliaged forms. Look for Red Maple or Acer rubrum trees, as this specific cultivar of maple is thought to be more likely to produce the swirling grain and dark stippling of birdseye. Common Name: Latin Name: GYMNOSPERMS (needled) Balsam Fir: ... maple, mountain: Acer spicatum: maple, Norway: Acer platanoides: maple, red: Acer rubrum: As it grows older, it develops shallow pits, deep cracks and bosses. Winter is the perfect time to get up close and notice and appreciate the variations of tree bark. Many of the records, however, are quite old and out of date. Identifying Sugar Maples by their Fruit Pick one of the small fruit. Look for fruit that are green, … The bark of a black maple tree is similar to that of a sugar maple, but it’s a little darker and the grooves are deeper. Fruit can be a litter problem, since they are borne in great numbers. The champion tree records are a result of the work of many people such as yourself. Some kinds of bark actually sparkle in the winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch. Trees of Wisconsin sorted alphabetically by common name * = horticultural species, does not grow in Wisconsin unless cultivated. Bark: gray brown, smooth on young trunks, older trunks fissured with long, and irregular flakes. Maples produce an abundance of shade, and are valued for their hardwood, sap and beauty. Twigs are … This tree has an acid soil requirement and is intolerant of wounding. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Alternate leaves on stems grow in a staggered pattern and they look like each leaf … The Norway maple was one of the most popular street trees in the United States in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Plant these small trees where you can admire the spectacular patterned bark. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. Maple trees of Wisconsin. It attains heights of 100 feet or more and diameters over 3 feet. The 0.5 to 1-inch-long winged fruits are produced in pairs. Trees are shade-tolerant, but need full sun to properly develop. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Maple Tree Identification: Maple Tree Identification. The following key includes all the trees known to occur in Wisconsin outside of cultivation (native, naturalized and escaping from cultivation). This is called a dichotomous key. Twigs:The Norway Maples twigs are a reddish-brown. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. Find details on the tree's adoption and law, its characteristics, taxonomy, and pictures. Red maple trees can grow to be 90 feet tall. Griffith State Nursery (715-424-3700) Wilson State Nursery (608-375-4123) Seedling sizes and comments Norway maple trees are easy to transplant, adapt well to a large variety of soils and require full sun to thrive. During the fall months, the state of Wisconsin is ablaze with the brilliant reds, oranges and yellows of maple foliage. Japanese Maples are marginally hardy in Wisconsin. Among the favorite trees chosen from Nature Hills Nursery by our Wisconsin guests are the colorful Autumn Blaze Maple and the fast growing Hybrid Poplar. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) was designated the state tree of Wisconsin in 1949. It is similar … Fruit has horizontally spreading wings that mature in September or October. Sugar maple trees thrive in fertile, loamy, well-drained soils. When you have a naturally-occurring maple species, identification is fairly straightforward. Red maples thrive in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. Male and female flower clusters appear on the same tree. In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Twigs: The buds are rounded, red or reddish-brown, blunt-pointed, and generally like those of the red maple. The shallow roots of the Norway maple can damage sidewalks and cement patios. In addition to the external characteristics, the wood of each tree species varies. Red Maple Tree Identification. What Tree is That? Many of the records, however, are quite old and out of date. It does not include species known only from cultivation, except for a few gymnosperms clearly identified as such, and it does not intentionally include shrubs.